Alopecia in women: types, treatment. Androgenic Alopecia in Women
Beauty for women is important. Therefore, if any defects appear in their appearance, it brings them anxiety. An increase in the shape, the appearance of wrinkles and other changes for the worse are very frustrating for the weaker sex. Another cause can be alopecia in women. This is due to the fact that hair is one of the attributes of a beautiful appearance. Regardless of their length and style of haircut, they complement the female image and give a special appeal. Hair loss most often becomes noticeable gradually, so their lack of horror leads women.
It is necessary to know that alopecia is not an independent disease and is always associated with deeper disorders of the body. In order to return the hair, you need, first of all, to treat the main pathology that led to hair loss.
What is alopecia in women?
In recent years, this problem worries more and more women. Why there is a tendency to its growth, while remains unknown.It is assumed that this is due to the increasing influence of damaging environmental factors. Hair loss is denoted by a known term - baldness.
In medical sources, a synonym for this word is alopecia. As you know, the loss of part of hair occurs daily in all people, especially for women. However, there is a certain rate. In a day a person can lose about 100 hairs that fall out during combing and during the day. If this rate is significantly exceeded, then it is worth thinking about the disease and being examined. Alopecia in women is one of the syndromes that is included in the overall pathology, so it is very important to find out the reason why the hair began to fall heavily. First of all, thyroid disease and anemia should be excluded.
Types of alopecia in women
Treatment of alopecia in women in the first place should be aimed at eliminating the underlying cause, and then at restoring hair. To understand why this process began, you need to install a type of baldness. Alopecia in women is different, it depends on the treatment of hair loss. In addition, depending on the type of baldness it becomes easier to determine the cause of its occurrence.To understand exactly which alopecia needs to be dealt with, a specialist must determine how hair loss occurs. It depends on the nature of their fallout (over the entire head, in parts). There are 3 types of baldness:
- Diffuse alopecia in women is the most common form. It is usually associated with diseases such as hyper- or hypothyroidism, anemia. In addition, hair loss over the entire surface of the head may occur as a result of radiation, harmful production, lack of vitamins, with constant entanglement and improper combing. Also adverse effects have hair dryers, ironing, paint.
- Androgenetic alopecia in women is another common form.This syndrome is more typical for men, however, recently affects more and more women.
What is characterized by androgenic alopecia?
Treatment of alopecia in women ends more favorably than in men. Most often this applies to alopecia and diffuse alopecia. In these cases, the hair begins to grow immediately after the cause is removed, sometimes without special treatment (during pregnancy, stress).
A more severe form of baldness is androgenic alopecia in women. Its distinguishing feature is slow progression, therefore, this type of hair loss is found only at a late stage. At the beginning of the disease, the parting begins to thin out, then the alopecia zone expands and in the final stage reaches significant sizes. The hair on the back of the head and on the sides during androgenic alopecia usually remain in place. Complete baldness in women develops rarely, unlike men.
The mechanism of androgenic alopecia
Androgenic alopecia has always been considered a male disease, since its development mechanism lies in the effects of sex hormones.Testosterone is also present in women, but normally its effect on the body is insignificant. When endocrine disorders of the male sex hormone is produced in large quantities and slows hair growth. Usually, in addition to baldness, women who have increased testosterone production are also worried about other symptoms. These include: hirsutism (male type hair growth), decreased libido, etc. Androgenic alopecia is difficult to treat, since testosterone leads to hair follicle atrophy.
Causes of male-pattern baldness
Hormonal disruptions lead to androgenic alopecia. As a result of such rearrangements, more testosterone begins to be produced, and, conversely, less estrogen. The reasons may be: hereditary predisposition, tumor of the adrenal cortex or brain. In addition, certain physiological conditions, such as pregnancy or menopause, also lead to male-pattern baldness. Other reasons may include: irrational use of hormonal drugs and other medicines, stressful situations, unhealthy diet (predominance of products containing testosterone).
Approaches to the treatment of alopecia
In order to restore the old head of hair and eliminate the adverse factor, you need to contact a specialist as soon as possible. A trichologist deals with hair diseases, in his absence you can contact a dermatologist and an endocrinologist. To find out the cause of alopecia, you must pass a qualitative examination. If the hair began to fall out during pregnancy or because of stress, then most likely it will go away on its own. In these cases, you can wait a little with the diagnosis. Immediate examination requires androgenic alopecia in women. Treatment of this pathology should be aimed at eliminating the main cause - the effects of testosterone. Regardless of the form of baldness, it is necessary to eliminate stress, adjust the diet, properly care for your hair.
Androgenic Alopecia in Women: Treatment of Pathology
In order to stop hair loss, use drugs that have antiandrogenic effect. These include: "Zimetidin", "Spironolactone", "Cyproterone acetate". In addition, to restore the hormonal background in women use medications containing estrogen (oral contraceptives).They also practice photochemotherapy, cryomassage and ultraviolet radiation, rubbing pepper tincture, aloe juice, etc. In advanced stages, only a hair transplant can help, so you should contact a specialist as soon as possible.