Analysis of the "Poor Lisa" by N. Karamzin.
In 1792 in the "Moscow Journal" for the first timethe story of Nikolai Karamzin "Poor Liza" was published. This work caused a lot of positive emotions in the writer's contemporaries, the youth enthusiastically embraced it. People specially looked for the places described in the book, and found them, loving couples strolled near Simonov Monastery, and the pond mentioned by the author, in which the main heroine drowned, was renamed "Lizin pond".
Inconsistency of the story of reality
A lot of new introduced in the Russian literature of the XVIII centuryKaramzin. "Poor Liza" (the analysis of the work showed that the novel is a model of sentimentalism) shocked contemporaries with the sincerity of the feelings of the main characters. The love story between a nobleman and a simple peasant woman, the development of their relations - all this was new for the end of the XVIII century, therefore not all readers paid attention to some contradictions that Karamzin admitted.
"Poor Liza" (the analysis of the stories was made in the erarealism) is striking because all the characters speak the same language. In real life, it could not be so, because the author and nobleman Erast belong to a society with secular upbringing and talk accordingly, but Lisa and her mother belong to commoners who do not understand sublime phrases. But the writer set himself the goal not to show real life, but to describe beautifully the tragic love story of two people, to obtain compassion from readers.
Refutation of the views of Jean Jacques Rousseau
Analysis of Karamzin's "Poor Lisa" shows thatthe writer sought to refute the claims of the French sentimentalist and thinker Rousseau, who sincerely believed that renouncing a person from civilization would make him happier. The thoughts of the main character Erasta fully correspond to the ideas of Jean Jacques. The nobleman has a vivid imagination, is well-read, loves romantic and idealistic stories, often mentally transferred to the past when people were free from conventions, obligations, and only did that they walked, loved and idly spent their days.
After a meeting with Lisa Erast decides to succumbpure pleasures and forget about conventions. According to Rousseau's ideas, a nobleman should have found happiness in the arms of a simple peasant woman, but in life everything is much more complicated than in novels. An analysis of Karamzin's "Poor Lisa" shows that Erast could never destroy the wall of the estate. The love of two socially unequal people no longer seems clean, with time the feelings of the young man grow cold.
Sympathy for the heroes
Analysis of Karamzin's "Poor Lisa" shows thatthe author sympathizes with the main characters. He can not warn them against mistakes, because the story was told by Erast himself 30 years after the tragic events. Suicide was strongly condemned by the church, but Karamzin is only sad that a beautiful body and soul died. He does not see anything blasphemous in suicide, and drowning in a pond and in general casts thoughts on pre-romantic literature.
An analysis of Karamzin's Poor Lisa suggests thatthe author completely disputed Rousseau's judgments, the closeness to nature did not help the main heroine to survive the trials that fell to her lot and did not re-educate the main character.