Are there spots on the lungs? A few words about tuberculosis.
At the present stage, the "gold standard"diagnosis and prevention of chronic lung diseases is the annual passage of adults by fluorographic examination. Due to such a simple procedure, strict monitoring and timely detection of pulmonary pathology takes place inside any developed state. Especially it concerns such terrible disease as tuberculosis.
Despite the successful and rapid developmentmodern medicine, tuberculosis infection is still one of the most common chronic diseases of the respiratory system. Koch's wand can affect any internal organ, although the preferred location for its localization is, after all, the lung tissue. With the weakening of immunity, mycobacterium tuberculosis begins to multiply actively. This activity is easily detected by X-ray diagnostic methods. They with absolute reliability reveal spots on the lungs, which testify to the pathological process that has arisen in them. The more spots, the greater the percentage of lung tissue was affected by a specific infection, which includes tuberculosis. The spots on the lungs show the severity of the condition, are a sign of the disintegration of the lung tissue.
Spots on the lungs with tuberculosis can be single (infiltrative tuberculosis), and may be multiple (disseminated tuberculosis).
Tuberculosis of lungs is considered a bright representativechronic, sluggish infectious disease, the causative agent of which is a very dangerous mycobacterium tuberculosis. It enters the human body mainly by airborne droplets. It is not necessary to be at the same time with a sick person, it is enough to read the book that he held in his hand, to use his utensils or to stand not far from the place where he recently spat.
In order for bacilli to actively breed, specific conditions are needed:
- Decreased immunity,
- Weakened organism,
- Frequent stressful situations in life,
- Presence of other chronic diseases (gastric ulcer, systemic pathological conditions, diabetes mellitus).
After the initiation of microbes in the bodypathological process, the manifestation of the disease in humans does not occur immediately. He can walk for a long time, perform usual actions and not know that he has already launched destructive mechanisms in his body.
Very often everything is revealed whena citizen underwent another commission, which must necessarily include fluorography of the chest. On the finished image, the radiologist discovers spots on the lungs. In general, when the X-ray of the lungs is deciphered, the professionals light areas are called "blackouts", and dark ones are called "enlightenments". Therefore, for the majority of ordinary people, who absolutely do not understand anything in medical terminology, dark spots on the lungs will have a picture of light areas on the X-ray image.
For everyone who has this chronicinfection, the disease turns into a real tragedy. After all, they have to sacrifice their usual life for the sake of recovering. The treatment of tuberculosis at this stage is possible, but it is very expensive for patients, not materially, but emotional, personal. The accepted opinion in the society that only the lower social groups of people are sick with consumption is absolutely wrong. Everyone is affected by tuberculosis, from small to large. Therefore, one should never mock or neglect those who have experienced this state. The disease is not chosen, it finds for itself victims.