Art from the distant past: cross stitch for beginners
In the nineteenth century,folk embroidery, which was associated with the traditions and customs of the time. So, preparing for the wedding, the girl had to embroider herself a dowry (tablecloth, towel, handkerchief, etc.). In doing so, cross-stitch was used. For beginner needlewomen, linen or woolen fabrics were selected, on which they were to be embroidered. The skills and experience of craftsmen were passed on from generation to generation, thus preserving the culture of the nation.
Cross-stitch embroidery is one of thewidespread types of needlework, which dates back to ancient times. It is interesting that a variety of ornaments and colors, as well as cross-stitch technique, were individual for each state. For example, in India, plant motifs, as well as images of animals and birds, were popular.
To date, this craft has not lostits popularity. For cross stitching, cotton or linen cloths are used, as well as a canvas, which is a tissue marked with cages. Canva can be ordinary, waybill, and also water-soluble. There are special sets, for example, "cross-stitch for beginners",which includes the canvas with the applied on itdrawing, thread and needle. It is necessary to be able to decipher embroidery patterns that show the required number of canvas squares and shades of colors. Such schemes are of two kinds: with the image of different symbols and with the image of multi-colored squares, each of which stands for one stitch. The color scheme is most often used in the presence of a small number of colors in the figure. For a multicolored picture, a symbolic scheme is used.
It should be noted that in order to learn how to embroider a cross, it is required not only to be able to correctly read the diagrams, but also to own embroidery techniques.
Cross-stitch embroidery can be of several types:
- Simple cross - upper stitches must have onedirection, the line itself is first embroidered with the bottom stitches in the required quantity and ends with embroidery of the upper stitches (in the opposite direction).
- An elongated cross - a cross fills several cells of the canvas, located vertically.
- A straight cross - consists of a vertical line, embroidering which starts from left to right, and a horizontal line.
- An asterisk - over the stitches of a straight cross an oblique cross is made, that is, diagonal stitches of the same size.
- Leviathan - a straight cross is placed on top of the stitches of the oblique cross.
Thus, cross-stitching for beginners does not pose much difficulty. To master this technique is simple, although we must immediately say that it requires considerable time.
Summing up, it should be noted thatthe formation of a cross occurs as a result of the intersection of two stitches performed throughout the work in the same order. First, the bottom stitch is made, then the upper stitch, while the stitches of one cross are sewn in one square of the canvas.
Before you start, it is recommendedDraw a drawing with a special marker on the canvas, using markup with a step of ten cells. If the embroidery is of small size, it begins to perform from the middle of the canvas, defining the center of the canvas and the scheme, respectively. In some cases, a triangle in the center is present on the diagrams. If the drawing is volumetric, it begins to be embroidered from the bottom corner, depending on the direction of the cross. The edges of the embroidered cloth can be treated with a stitch.
Thus, such techniques as cross-stitchingfor beginners, for many it will seem quite easy, but you should make some efforts to achieve a high result. And always remember that experience comes with time.