Carrot sowing under winter: basic rules
Carrot sowing for the winter has a number of obvious advantages overplanting seeds in the spring. Firstly, it is possible to collect an early harvest - on average, vegetables planted in autumn ripen 2-3 weeks earlier. A young carrot - this is a real storehouse of vitamins and healthy fiber. In addition, the freshly picked carrots are delicious and juicy, so you do not even need to cook it. The whole family and even small children, who are usually very picky in eating, are happy to absorb this root vegetable in huge quantities.Secondly, sowing under winter carrots frees fromthe need to do this work in the spring. During the beginning of the season, you have to deal with a lot of cases, so planted beds in autumn will partially facilitate this period. You still praise yourself for such forethought. In addition, in autumn there is much more free time, so you can do everything slowly and according to all the rules. Thirdly, by collecting an early harvest, you release the place for other early ripening crops, for example, radish, greens, salads or herbs. Thus, you can get two crops per season from one area.
Place of sowing
Sowing carrots for the winter should be done on thatA piece of land that is the first to be freed from snow. This culture prefers loose and fertile soils, weakly acidic or neutral. The site is desirable to choose a horizontal (it does not stagnate melt water) and protected from the wind. So the seeds will not be blown out and washed. Preferably, on a selected place previously grown onions, potatoes or cabbage - this is the best predecessors.
Sowing time carrots
Here it is necessary to be guided by climaticconditions in your region. The most important rule when choosing the planting period is that the seeds should not germinate before the cold starts. If the autumn will be warm and sprouts will sprout on the bed, then the early harvest will have to be forgotten.
For autumn planting, it is best to choose seeds of special varieties of carrots - cold-resistant, early-ripening or mid-ripening. The most common varieties are:
- Nantes-4. The maturity is 60 days. Can grow on different soils. Roots are delicious and juicy.
- Vitamin-6. This variety contains a large amount of carotene. The pulp is juicy and sweet. Terms of maturation are minimal, high yields.
- Moscow winter. This variety is traditionally preferred by most gardeners in the central part of Russia.
- Shantane-2461. Very unpretentious variety, well tolerates cooling and lack of the required amount of water.
Sowing carrots under winter should start withsoil preparation. It needs to be digged, loosened and fertilized. The introduction of sawdust into the soil is welcome. The grooves need to be made deeper than in the spring planting, about 4-6 cm. The interval between the rows can be left the same as usual, that is 20 cm, but the number of seeds should be increased, since the germination capacity will be lower. Then the bed is covered with a film or other material, then it is covered with snow.
And the last rule: sowing carrots under winter can not be produced on soils that were fertilized with fresh organic fertilizers this year or a year earlier. Such feeding will only damage root crops, and the harvest will not meet your expectations.