Causes and symptoms of adnexitis, methods of treatment of pathology
Sometimes after childbirth, abortion or useintrauterine spirals may appear nonspecific inflammation of the uterine appendages, which is called adnexitis or salpingo-oophoritis. There are two-way adnexitis andunilateral. To cause infection can be coccal bacteria, chlamydia, mycoplasma and other organisms. In addition to direct infection in the uterus itself, infection can also occur in the cervix, as well as in blood and lymph. The local process can become aggravated because of stress, hypothermia, malnutrition, fatigue and other factors that lower immunity.
The main symptoms of adnexitis
There are acute and chronic adnexitis. Acute processes, as a rule, are accompanied by fever, chills, headaches, constant weakness, general intoxication of the body, severe pain in the lower abdomen, lumbar and sacral areas, pain during urination. Sometimes the symptoms of adnexitis are manifested by purulent and serous discharges from the vagina. Almost in all cases, patients experience pain during palpation. During a visit to a gynecologistcan be diagnosed with puffiness and evensmall increase in appendages. Adnexitis is also diagnosed when it occurs in a tuberculous or mycotic form. This happens very rarely. Untimely diagnosis and delayed treatment can lead to chronic adnexitis. During periods of exacerbation, periodic or persistent pain in the pelvic region, discomfort in the lower abdomen. Almost always the symptoms of adnexitis, which occurs in a chronic form, are accompanied by small but constant discharge from the vagina, menstruation disorders. Due to the pathological process, immunity decreases, which is manifested by general weakness, headaches, poor sleep, constant fatigue, irritable condition. In rare cases, the disease can cause infertility.
Chronic adnexitis: symptoms and treatment
To diagnose independently and especially to treatadnexitis is strictly prohibited. Symptoms of adnexitis are not specific, and pathogens are individual, therefore it is necessary to be carefully examined. In especially severe cases, laparoscopy is performed to examine the condition of the ovaries and the fallopian tubes from the inside. Depending on what was the causative agent and how the adnexitis develops, the treatment can be different. In the acute form of the disease, treatment is carried out with the help of antibiotics and desensitizing drugs, as well as means for relieving pain. The next step is physiotherapy. The method of treatment depends entirely on the age and condition of the patient. With chronic adnexitis, many procedures are used. In addition to antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs, immunity-stimulating agents are used as well as preparations for resorption. In order to normalize the menstrual cycle, therapy is accompanied by the intake of hormonal drugs.