Central district of Saint-Petersburg - features
St. Petersburg is in second place in sizeand population in Russia. It is the administrative center of the North-West District and the center of the Leningrad Region. The foundation date of the city is 1703. The central area of St. Petersburg in Russia is the most prestigious in the city, with a large number of social and cultural sites.
Geography of Saint-Petersburg
The city adjoins the Gulf of Finland, which is an "appendix" of the Baltic Sea. It is a major economic, scientific, cultural and transport center of the Russian Federation.
The population of the city in 2010amounted to about 4,900,000 people. In general, there is a tendency to increase the population. However, this is mainly due to migration processes.
Representatives of 200 nationalities and peoples live in Petersburg, of which 92.5% are Russians.
The climate of the city
The climate in St. Petersburg is characterized asmoderate (moderately continental and moderately marine). For these latitudes, it can be considered relatively moist. Summer is moderate and short-lived. Winter is long, relatively cold, but moist. The number of sunny days per year is 62. Much more often gloomy days are gloomy. In the first half of summer - the period of the so-called white nights, typical of the northern regions.
Cyclonic activity prevails in a significant part of the year, therefore the weather often changes, regardless of the time of day.
Greening and ecological problems of St. Petersburg
A large number of enterprises and transportcreate conditions for a high level of air pollution. In addition, the city is one of the noisiest in the world, occupying the fifth place in this indicator. The ecological state of the waters is at an unsatisfactory level.
Parks, squares, green spaces and waterthe surface covers about 40 percent of the city's territory. Many plantations have preserved their natural appearance. Especially many remnants of natural forests on the outskirts of St. Petersburg. Within the city there are even protected areas: 3 sanctuaries and 4 natural monuments. The plans for the reconstruction of the metropolis include the creation of five more reserves and two natural monuments.
Central District of St. Petersburg
The appearance of an administrative-territorial formation is connected with the order of the mayor of the city from 11.03.1994.
The main part of the buildings of the Central District of St. Petersburg was erected in the pre-revolutionary period. Thanks to such safety, many historical buildings are located here.
The central district is in the eastern partthe historic center of the city. This territory is allocated with a large number of administrative, cultural and public facilities. There are embassies of different countries, museums, hotels, restaurants, etc. There are no industrial facilities in this area, and their construction is strictly prohibited.
The central region of St. Petersburg is the mostdensely populated in the city. Altogether, 215 thousand people live here, of whom a quarter are pensioners, while the other quarter is made up of immigrants and tourists. This is one of the most prestigious places in Russia. Among the population is a high proportion of well-known, rich and influential personalities. But at the same time in the area there are communal apartments. Especially there are a lot of them in Smolninsky municipal district.
The transport and trade network is well developed here. In particular, it has 11 metro stations, a large number of shops, 12 higher educational institutions, and a large number of libraries. In the Central area a lot of conveniences for the disabled are created.
The vastness of the population of this territoryis also displayed on the availability of kindergartens. There are a lot of them here. For children, all conditions are created for successful education and upbringing, children's playgrounds are equipped. Kindergartens of the Central District of St. Petersburg, like schools, have good material and technical support.
There are 17 hospitals and the same number of polyclinics.
The Central District of St. Petersburg has andtheir sights. On its territory there is a large number of monuments of history and architecture, such as the Russian Museum, the State Hermitage, the Pushkin Museum, not to mention the most beautiful cathedrals and ancient buildings. The total number of such interesting places on the territory of the district exceeds 25. Every day crowds of people from all over the world stand in huge lines, trying to look at the masterpieces collected in them.
The objects of science in the region are also enough. In addition to 34 libraries and 12 universities, which are general education facilities, there are also purely scientific institutions. These are three centers for studying psychology, human biology, security problems and terrestrial magnetism.
Disadvantages of the area
Disadvantages of the district, too. First of all, it is an unfavorable criminal and ecological situation. Gradually, the crime situation is improving. Ecological problems of the district are high air pollution and an acute shortage of gardening. Water objects are also heavily polluted. Much better is the ecological situation on the outskirts of the city.