Cervical biopsy: features of the operation
Gynecological examination is a guarantee of health, as recently there has been a sharp “rejuvenation” of gynecological diseases.In most cases, gynecological examination is limited to visual inspection of the mucous membrane of the vagina and cervix. When suspicious neoplasms are found, the doctor performs an operation to remove them.
Gynecological examination of the cervix
When conducting a gynecological examination of the cervix, an experienced doctor may suspect the presence of the following pathologies: inflammatory processes, endometriosis, malignant and benign tumors, polyps of the cervical canal, precancerous diseases, etc. To clarify the diagnosis, endoscopic (colposcopy, cervical biopsy) and laboratory (smear, culture inoculations) studies are performed.
Anatomical features of the oran
The cervix outside of pregnancy is a dense cylindrical (in girls and girls - conical) body with a cervical canal.It is worth noting that the mucous membrane of the cervix compared to the uterus is more elastic, coarse, because it contains a greater amount of connective tissue proteins (collagen, elastin, reticulin). This envelope is represented by a cylindrical epithelium that produces specific mucus. In the thickness of the epithelial layer glands are synthesized, synthesizing a secret. The mucus, together with the secret, form a transparent, thick content (cork), which closes access to the uterine cavity. This plug has unique properties; it passes spermatozoa into the uterus, but at the same time kills pathogenic microorganisms.
How and for what is a cervical biopsy performed?
The above manipulation involves taking a piece of cervical tissue for microscopic examination. Using this method you can recognize the development of inflammatory processes, the formation of cancer cells. A biopsy of the cervix is performed only when there are visible pathological changes in the tissues. This procedure can be carried out in several ways. It is worth noting that cervical biopsy is an almost painless operation, which is performed, as a rule, without any anesthesia.The optimal period for performing a biopsy of the uterus is the fifth to seventh day of the menstrual cycle.
Knife biopsy of the cervix its effectiveness
The above procedure is performed in the presence of pathological processes localized in the area of the cervical canal (endo-and exocervix). Thanks to this method, doctors determine the localization and nature of the pathological process.
Biopsy of the cervix. Effects
During the day after the operation, pain may appear in the stomach. To suppress them, standard analgesics can be taken. Sometimes, after performing this kind of surgery within 2-3 days, vaginal bleeding may occur. During the entire recovery period after a biopsy, most experts do not recommend using tampons and vaginal suppositories, as well as other drugs used to treat vaginal infection.