Chekhov's nicknames at different stages of his life
A.P.Chekhov used pseudonyms throughout his literary career. And they were absolutely different "second names". And if you refer to the index where Chekhov's pseudonyms are listed, you will find at least 50 of them.And although the writer liked to use fictionalnames, in fiction he nevertheless entered under his present - AP Chekhov. The pseudonym of Antos Chehonte ranks first in the entire list. It was used even during the student's youth of the writer. This signature was used both in newspapers and magazines, and on the covers of author's collections. "Fairy tales of Melpomene" and "Colored Stories" - these were his first editions, published from 1884 to 1886. And this pseudonym appeared in the Taganrog gymnasium. There he taught a certain Pokrovsky, who constantly altered the names of his students. Of course, this fate befell the young Anton. Subsequently, he used several versions of the writing of Antosh Chehonte: Ance, Don Antonio Chekhonte, AH Chet, Chekhonte, Antosh Ch, A. Chekhonte, Ch. Khonte and so on.
At the end of the XIX century, the writer was published inhumorous magazines, in which he published the works of his elder brother Alexander. And so that there was no confusion, he first used the specified initials: An. P. Chekhov. And then my brother's brother appeared. It must be said that many of Chekhov's pseudonyms were short-lived. When he collaborated with the magazine "Dragonfly", he put the signature "A doctor without patients."So he hinted at his medicaldiploma. And when he was engaged in agriculture in Melikhov, he used the pseudonym "Cincinnatus". In letters to his wife he signed as Academician Toto or husband A. Actresses. In the first case, he hinted at the election to the Russian Academy, and in the second, that the spouse did not leave the scene after marriage.
At a certain time appeared humorouspseudonyms of Chekhov: Arkhip Indeykin, Someone, Famous, Vasiliy Spiridonovich Svalachev, Akaki Tarantulov, Sheleer Shakespearevich Goethe and so on. Most likely, everything depended on the kind of occupation that Chekhov was at that time engaged in. The aliases as quickly disappeared as they arose. But there is one among them that has held for 10 years.
A man without a spleen - it is under this signaturea lot of feuilletons and humoresques, 5 articles and 119 short stories. This pseudonym was born in Moscow University, where the writer studied at the Medical Faculty. S.P. Botkin proved that the size of the spleen depends on the state of mind of a person. Fright, joy, surprise, fear - all this leads to a decrease in this body. And if a person does not have a spleen, then he is deprived of all spiritual unrest and his creations are distinguished by a healthy view of the entire surrounding world. Of course, there were several derivatives from this fictional name. CBS, Ch. Without s, SBCH - these pseudonyms of Chekhov appeared in many magazines of that time.
APChekhov wrote in his letter to Bilibin that he was giving his real name to medicine, with which he was not going to part with the grave. He regards literature as a game where different nicknames should be used, and with which he will part sooner or later. But today not everyone knows that he was a medic. Today everyone knows the famous and beautiful writer AP. Chekhov.