Church of the Ascension in Kolomenskoye
There are amazing places on earth. They did not have a convenient strategic location, were unsuitable for erecting fortifications and defensive fortresses, but some invisible force attracted people there. And they organized settlements that became centers of culture. The talented architects built temples and palaces there, whose beauty fascinated not only contemporaries, but also all subsequent generations. It is to such settlements that the village of Kolomenskoye belongs, the history of which begins from the 7th century BC. However, the flowering of the village falls on the XV - the beginning of the XVI century, when it becomes an ancestral lands of Russian tsars and a favorite country residence.
Favorite place of rest for kings, also intendedfor the reception of foreign embassies and the celebration of significant dates, required considerable cash injections. And they did not regret money. The village became a platform for the innovation of architects, where they worked to the glory.
At Vasily the third in 1532 was erectedChurch of the Ascension in Kolomenskoye village, characterized by unusual architecture. This temple was the first and most outstanding stone structure built in the architectural tent style. The church in Kolomenskoye became the center of spiritual life and the main link of the architectural ensemble. On the steep bank of the Moskva River, in the very floodplain, against the background of the endless green fields, an unusual snow-white peak of the tent, sixty meters high, rushed upward, and the background of the sky surrounding it grew brighter and higher. Today, the appearance of the temple is familiar, although it is difficult to imagine the landscape of Kolomna without this white arrow that has shot up. But in the sixteenth century it was a very unusual structure. Constructed in spite of the strictest canons of ecclesiastical architecture accepted at that time, it became an original and creative embodiment of the architect's individual design, whose name, unfortunately, remained unknown. The Church of the Ascension in Kolomenskoye was not built in the cross-domed Byzantine canonical style. Its architecture absorbed all the best of Byzantine, Greco-Roman, Gothic and Old Russian traditions. Later, in Russian architecture, the hipped roofing became the dominant, defining, it was the embodiment of the Russian national architectural tradition. And temples in a tent-like style were erected a lot in Russia, up to the XIX century, but this one was the first.
Church of the Ascension in Kolomna compositionconsists of four elements: a podlet formed by a cruciform chetverik with a ledge, and completing the composition of an octagon and a tent with a small glade on its apex. All these elements emphasize the vertical "movement" of the structure, looking upwards. A small glowing gold head at the top of a 62-meter tent tower is almost invisible. It is not a symbol of the divine burning fire, but the whole snow-white tent, dynamically directed to the heavens.
The same "movement" penetrated the internalthe space of the temple with an endless, lost in the height of the tent and slender pilasters. It is difficult to reveal its cult significance in this building, it is not a temple in the literal sense, but a proud monument, a solemn obelisk that glorifies the might of the Russian state.
Church of the Ascension in the village of Kolomenskoye for longyears has gone through more than one restoration. The longest works began at the end of the twentieth century and ended at the beginning of the twenty-first century. In 2007, the Church of the Ascension in Kolomenskoye was reopened for visitors. The newly consecrated temple was given back its cult significance. But the services in it are held only on great holidays, at the rest of the time it is part of the museum complex, which, given its venerable age and special status, should be treated with immense