Coleria: home care, breeding
The neglected neglected by domestic flower growers, a native of the hot American tropics, several decades ago was an indispensable attribute of our apartments.
Today, the usual indoor plants pressed more exotic representatives of the flora, but we recall the unpretentious, fast-growing and long-blooming colony, the cultivation of which gives so many positive emotions. This article will help refresh or remember something new about such a culture as kolery. Reproduction, care and cultivation of this plant are the main points that we will talk about.
Coleria belongs to the genus of herbaceous perennials of the Gesneriyev family, characterized by the presence of soft dipped leaves. More than 60 species of these plants are known. In the wild, they are distributed throughout Mexico, Colombia and Central America. In culture, these are decorative indoor plants that create and maintain a warm, cozy atmosphere, and are very undemanding to the conditions of growth.
Plants of this genus have scaly tuberous rhizomes. Oval fleecy leaves, oppositely located on the stem, slightly jagged along the edge, reach 12-15 cm in length. Depending on the species, the leaves may have different shades: be dark green with slightly purple streaks, light with a milky longitudinal vein, hilly with very thick pubescence, etc. The leaves of the hybrids are especially decorative due to the metallic shade - silver or bronze. Traditionally, abundant blooms characteristic of such a culture as kolery.
Care at home for the plant consists in the timely removal of the old flower stalks. Flowers are bell-shaped beaters, tapering to the throat. Sometimes they look like inverted thimbles, variously painted krapom. The colors of natural flowers range from pink-white to maroon-red tones.
Features of the form
Tropical origin is a direct consequence of the basic requirement that plant kineria puts forward to the florist: care and reproduction are possible only in a warm room. Therefore, the microclimate of an ordinary room suits her well.There are no harsh conditions to humidity, lighting or temperature frames, the range does not push. Nevertheless, we list the optimal conditions, the fulfillment of which will allow the plant to reach its full potential and amaze with the beauty and generosity of flowering.
Temperature and location in the room
Coleria, home care for which is not burdensome, prefers a moderate temperature: in the summer period it is 20-25 ° C, and with a decrease in activity and after flowering, 15-18 ° C.
The optimal choice of place to place the flower is due to an important feature of the plant - it does not tolerate drafts.
High-quality care of the colony at home is due to the placement of the pot in a well-lit place. With all that culture is very light-requiring, direct sunlight does not have to fall on it, so the correct placement of the flower is considered to be its location on the windowsills or near the windows facing east or west. The lighting of the range is necessary at any time of the year - both during the period of activation and in a calm state, even if it has dropped the leaves.
Watering and spraying
Revitalization of development from spring to autumn requires moderate irrigation and avoiding both excessive waterlogging and drying of earthen coma. When the dormant period comes, watering is significantly reduced. Usually, the aboveground part of the plant dies off at this time, but the rhizome should be moistened so that it does not dry out. For irrigation apply soft, sediment or melt water.
Koleriya is able to develop well in a dry room, but prefers a wet microclimate. It should be remembered that the fuzzy leaves of the plant do not tolerate water entering them. Therefore, in order to create favorable conditions, it is not the spray itself that is sprayed, but the space around it. You can place the container with the culture in a pallet with a wet filler - sphagnum or expanded clay.
Coleria: reproduction, home care
You can propagate kolery differently: vegetatively or by seed. The most productive and simplest methods are vegetative, which include the division of the rhizome and rooting of the apical cuttings. This can be done on any segment of the active period, but preferably in the spring.Cut the cuttings can be placed in water and wait for the roots, and then put in shallow containers. And you can immediately place them in suitable containers and cover each with a can or a plastic bottle, creating comfortable conditions for early rooting. Similarly, come with pieces of rhizome: they are carefully buried in the ground by 2 cm and maintain a moderate humidity of earthen coma. An improvised mini-hothouse significantly accelerates the development of a young plant.
Seeds of seeds are small. They are sown in peat-sand mixture, not falling asleep from above. The seedling container on top is covered with a film or glass, which is removed during seed germination.
The seedlings dive at the appearance of 3-5 sheets, and subsequently the seedlings are seated in separate containers.
Coleria: home care, crown formation
The plant does not cause florist trouble. Formation of the crown in the classical understanding of this procedure is usually not carried out, and is limited only to the removal of leaves that grow incorrectly, mechanically damaged or rotted, and also cut off dried inflorescences. This will prolong the flowering of the range.
Transplant and fertilizing
As kolery is growing rapidly, it is better to replant it annually, using shallow, but wide containers. The optimal soil for the plant is a soil mixture from leaf and sod land with the addition of river sand and peat. At the bottom of the pot stack drainage. It will provide air access to the roots and prevent stagnant water. During active development and flowering (from April to September), the kaleria is fed with liquid fertilizers for houseplants once a week. In winter, the culture is not fertilized.
Diseases and pests
Coleria, home care for which includes the control of pests and diseases, is usually rarely sick, but excessive soil moisture can trigger the development of root rot.
Sometimes pests can attack - aphid or spider mite. Treatment with a systemic fungicide in these cases is necessary. These are the basic elements of care for the comfortable growth of such a culture as kolery. Home care for it is quite simple: it must be protected from drying out and excessive moisture, not to leave in the bright sun, to protect from possible insect pests and not to forget about dressings.