Common pests and diseases of tomato
Every self-respecting gardener seeksgrow large and environmentally friendly fruits on your site. However, quite often beginners in agriculture lose their crops due to various parasites or ailments of plants. What are the main pests and diseases of tomato found on the territory of Russia and CIS countries, experts explain.
Among the main ailments that can harmtomatoes or other soft fruits in the garden, it is possible to name the following defeats: different kinds of rot, mosaic tomato, bacterial spotting. The most dangerous pests for red vegetables are Colorado beetle, whitefly, bear, different kinds of butterfly-scoops, bare slugs, flies and aphids.
Fighting tomato diseases
To determine the methods of treatment, you needtry to determine the type of damage. Visual diagnostics allows for a few seconds to find out which pests and diseases the tomato is present on the bushes of the plant.
There are several types of tomato rot: white, root, gray, rhizoctonia, phomosis or brown. To recognize the signs of the disease, you need to examine the roots and stems of the plant. If the tops are withered, and the bottom of the trunk is rotten - most likely, it is a white "representative" of a pleiad of ailments. Rizoktoniosnye manifestations are the emergence of concentric spots, having a brown tint. There are damages on unripe fruits and have dimensions of 0.5-1.5 cm. Root rot can affect both young seedlings, and already an adult plant. To notice this disease it is possible on brown stains on a root neck of a bush or the showered ovary. There are pests and diseases of a tomato, characteristic only for tomatoes, for example a viral mosaic. The leaves of the damaged plant are covered with mesh mosaic: light green islands interspersed with dark green slices, and yellow "smears" may appear on the fruits.
Spotting also exists in several forms: white and black. Both diseases look like gradually growing black dots. When septoriosis (white spotting), the spots grow in size and change the color black to grayish-milk, necessarily surrounded by a saturated purple border. The yellow edging with silvery dots on the fruits characterizes the black bacterial appearance of the disease.
Tomatoes: diseases and pests in the middle lane
To traditional insects, which with pleasuretasty tomato pieces, include the common Colorado beetle, aphids and tender whitefly. These are very dangerous pests, since they can devour the entire soft surface of the leaf, which means a shortage for the plant of various nutrients. Not inferior to the damage caused and a large bear, which gnaws the roots and the base of plants. Butterflies-scoops close the list of dangers for tomatoes.
Pests and diseases of a tomato can be enoughA serious problem for beginner truck farmers. While there is not enough experience to independently determine the problem, it is worthwhile to use the proven method. You can make a light solution of potassium permanganate and process all the plants, most importantly, try not to root roots.