Cultivation of sumach. The tree is sumac deerhogic, or vinegar tree. Decorative cultures
Another name that fluffy sumah bears is the vinegar tree. Gardeners love it for a number of undeniable merits:
- unpretentious care;
- the possibility of planting on those soils on which others simply do not take root;
- beautiful appearance.
Also, wood is used as a raw material in industry. For example, in pharmacy, sumach tannins are used, which have antibacterial and healing effects. The roots and leaves of this tree are raw materials for the manufacture of paint for silk, fruits - for wax, which is needed for the production of varnish. And in cooking, he also found use. Indians very often use the extract from the fruit as a seasoning for their gourmet dishes.
Sumy is a tree (the price is quite reasonable), which, in addition to North America, is also found in some regions of the Caucasus and Crimea, in particular, in the highlands.
The taste of the berries of this tree is sour.Because of this, they are often used as a seasoning for marinating meat for kebabs. But you need to be extremely careful, because some species of this plant are famous for their poisonousness.
Advantages and disadvantages
The number of advantages undoubtedly exceeds the number of its disadvantages, which is why deer horn sums are so popular in modern garden plots. About the merits mentioned above. The disadvantages include the following:
- Low frost resistance. This is due to the fact that the native land of sumach is East of North America, where it most often grows in open sunny areas. However, in some cases, this feature can be considered an advantage, because if you have frostbitten branches, you certainly will not forget to prune in spring. And this will cause the magnificent form of the crown.
- Cultivation of sumach is very difficult. The tree, however, is characterized by the ability to recover from the root growth. The root system of the tree grows quite actively, which is often used to strengthen the soil on the slopes. However, if you plant it on your garden plot, the growth of root shoots needs to be controlled.
With the reproduction of the same problems will not, and with a great desire for the garden can be completely "populated" by the vinegar seedlings.
Features appearance sumach
The tree came to us from North America, where it occurs on stony and dry soils in the mountains. It has a very attractive appearance.
A special decorative look sumaha gives the shape of the crown - umbrella-shaped. The foliage of a healthy tree is large and thick, as well as pinnate. Especially beautiful color leaves in the fall. It is during this period that it changes from the usual green to red-pink bright.
Young shoots also have their own specifics. They are covered with pubescence of red color, and somewhere resembles the surface of sumach leaves velvet. The tree blooms are also very original. Flowers are small, located at the ends of branches, forming panicles in the form of pyramids (length about 20 cm).
At the end of the summer, sumac starts to bear fruit. And this is truly a sight, because the plant is covered with carmine-red tassels, which are also covered with down. The color of the fluff is bright red. These fruits will continue to decorate the tree right up to spring, and this is really amazing.It is thanks to them that sumach is multiplied.
A tree cannot be called tall; in our latitudes it rarely reaches three meters. This is due to the peculiarities of the root system, which contributes to the bush-like development of the plant.
For planting take, as a rule, a sapling, which has reached the age of three years. It is best to carry out this procedure in the spring, since it is in this case that the soums will get accustomed perfectly.
The landing site must first be carefully prepared. A special soil mixture is mixed, consisting of:
- leaf earth;
- coarse sand;
The ratio of components is as follows: 1: 2: 1.
The root neck of a future tree is recommended to be buried about 5 cm into the soil. When planting several plants at once, the distance between them should be at least 4 m.
After the sapling is finally planted, it needs abundant watering. This should be done over the next three days.
In addition, it is necessary to think in advance about the mulching of the earth, because the roots of a tree are located close to the soil surface, which means there is a risk of their damage during loosening.For mulching, you can take wood chips or sawdust, the thickness of which is about 5 cm.
Sumy is a dioecious plant, therefore for planting it is necessary to choose both female and male individuals.
Sumy - a tree, care for which has no particular specifics. As for watering, it should be moderate. Young plants need watering only in dry and hot weather. Sumy is characterized by the ability to withstand short-term drought without additional irrigation, so no need to worry about it during the holidays.
Increase the number of flowers, and hence the fruit will further help mineral feeding. The number of these procedures should not be more than once a year, otherwise the plant can only be harmed. In addition, you need to choose the site for planting. Best of all, if it is acidic or saline soil. In some cases, it is fertilization that leads to a similar result. However, this is not important for the successful cultivation of sumach.
Other rules of care
In addition to watering, the tree needs to provide optimal lighting.It is better to plant soums in areas of well-lit, he loves it. However, if there is no such possibility, slightly shaded places will not become an obstacle to getting a beautiful and healthy tree.
It is possible to ease the care if you carefully choose the agrotechnology before planting the plant, because some species of this tree can be poisonous. Just like other plants, sumac is susceptible to diseases and attacks of pests that may prevent other trees in the garden from developing normally. Therefore, when detecting the first signs of the vinegar should be treated immediately.
Transplantation should be carried out only when the plant is still young, but even at this age there is no special need for this. In addition, it is necessary to take into account the time of year. The best time for a transplant is spring. In the fall, young shoots may simply freeze. However, in this case, you can use some trickery: sumah is characterized by the ability to recover from their buds, which are located on the lower and middle shoots.
Mulching is carried out in preparation for wintering, and it is impossible to spare raw materials in this case.
The purpose of pruning may be the formation of the correct crown or any other at your discretion. This will allow you to create whole compositions in the garden, there are no restrictions in the forms.
In addition, every year in May, it is required to remove dried and frozen branches. If you do this regularly, you will end up with a lush and big bush.
If you follow all the rules of care, then in the fourth or fifth year your soums will bloom.
The only drawback of this plant is the short life span. Sumy dies off after 20 years of life, but it does not become a hindrance to its cultivation.
Compositions with vinegar
Sumakhas are ornamental trees whose species require corresponding neighbors. Since its appearance is unusual for the middle band, this uniqueness must be emphasized. The varietal coniferous plants, which are characterized by a horizontal crown or blue needles, will help in this. This neighborhood will create the contrast necessary for the attractive appearance of the garden.
In addition, sumac deer horn goes well with many perennials that are part of mixed groups.Creating such compositions, you need to focus on the brightness of colors in the fall.
Sumy is a tree (reproduction is possible both with seeds and vegetative root offsprings), which will become indispensable if you want to create a Japanese or rocky garden.