Czech Terrier: breed description, character, standard
The Czech (another Bohemian name) terrier is a relatively young and rare breed designed for burrow hunting. The dogs have excellent working qualities and at the same time they are so attractive that they fell in love with the beautiful half of humanity. The Czech Terrier is a great hunter, a great watchman, a faithful companion and just a beautiful little dog.
The Czech Terrier was bred in 1948. The creator of this breed was Frantisek Horak. An amateur canine set the task to bring out a small terrier, which in the conditions of the Czech Republic would be suitable for hunting and could crawl into narrow holes. Two breeds were chosen for breeding - the scotch terrier dog and the Sealyham terrier dog. In the future, Gorak worked with the resulting offspring, achieving the desired result. In 1963, the world saw the Czech terrier, different from its parents in a more elegant build, excellent working qualities and good-natured disposition.Currently it is one of the rarest breeds, which puppies are very difficult to find.
Czech Terrier Standard
Representatives of the breed have a moderately stretched body that resembles both parental forms, short legs, elongated muzzle. Basic standards:
- The height of the dog at the withers is 25-30 cm (ideally, the size for females is 26 cm, males - 28-29 cm).
- Weight - from 6 to 9 kg.
- Body - elongated, squat, strong.
- Thorax - elongated, bulky.
- Abdomen - slightly retracted, moderately tucked up.
- The back is straight.
- The croup is muscular, well developed, often just above the withers.
- The head is long, wedge-shaped, the forehead is flat, the transition to the muzzle is mild, but noticeable. There are mustache and beard.
- Neck - medium length, slightly tilted forward.
- Paws - short, covered with a "skirt". The hind legs are much more powerful to provide a good push when running. Movement smooth, agile and fast.
- The nose is brown or black depending on the color of the dog.
- Eyes - round, small, covered from above with characteristic bushy eyebrows.
- Ears - hanging, adjacent to the head, triangular.
- The tail is 18–20 cm long. When the dog is calm, it is lowered down, when excited, raised.
- Life expectancy is up to 12 years.
A terrier breed dog has a rather long, thin, silky and slightly wavy coat that requires constant grooming and occasional grooming. The hair on the face does not shave, a beard and eyebrows are formed. The “skirt” at the bottom of the body is left thick.
Terrier breed dogs can be found in two colors: bluish-gray (if the puppy is born black) and light brown (if the born puppy is chocolate brown). In both colors, it is permissible to have red, gray and white markings on the head (temples, lower part of the muzzle), on the chest, neck and abdomen, on the lower part of the limbs. There is sometimes a Czech terrier with a white tip of the tail or a collar around the neck. But the main color should always prevail.
The nature of the Czech terrier
The dog of this breed is notable for its indefatigable diligence, and it is with pleasure that it uses it at work. She is trying to do more than others, have time before all. And all this only to her owner praised. Thanks to perseverance and endurance, the Czechs are a valuable working breed. Nornie dogs perfectly hunt animals such as the badger, fox and small predators.In addition, these are wonderful watchmen who belong to strangers, albeit with distrust, but without much aggression. These cute dogs look very impressive and are good companions. “Czechs” are strongly attached to their masters and yearn when alone at home. This is strongly reflected in their behavior. Left alone, they “break away” on various objects.
But with the family, the Czech Terrier behaves completely differently. He becomes a pleasant and calm dog, trying in any way to get praise from his master. Can find a common language with all family members. The Czech terrier is loyal enough to other animals living in the house, does not claim leadership, but does not allow to be pushed around. This breed has a docile and gentle disposition, which makes these dogs pets. During walks they behave calmly enough. The only animals to which these burrowing dogs dislike are rodents, as they immediately wake up their natural hunting instinct. They react instantly and can arrange a chase.
Peculiarities of care
The external attractiveness of the Czech terrier depends on how well the quality care for him.Especially carefully the appearance of the dog is monitored if she frequently visits the exhibition. Especially important is the grooming. Since childhood puppies get used to many activities that make them handsome.
- Regular brushing. To unravel the tangled dog's hair on the beard, the skirt and eyebrows use a comb with long teeth. The rest of the hair is combed with a massage brush. If the pet is constantly cut short, the procedure can be carried out once a week.
- A haircut. Dogs participating in exhibitions, begin to prepare from the age of three months. Every 2-3 months on their backs, chest, sides, tail and head they cut the hair to a length of 1.5 cm. The ends of the "skirt", beard, eyebrow whiskers are trimmed with scissors. From the age of three months, adult soft, light wool begins to form in dogs of this breed, so it is at this age that they begin to cut.
- Washing up Dogs are washed as needed about once every 1-2 months. For the procedure, use special shampoos that make the hair silky, soft and well-combed.
- Oral cavity care. This breed has a tendency to dental diseases, so it is desirable to take them as often as possible to be examined by a veterinarian. It will also be good to buy a special brush to brush your dog's teeth.To prevent plaque, she is allowed to gnaw hard bones.
- Walking These are mobile dogs, therefore it is recommended to walk them well.
So, in order for the Czech Terrier to be a cute and well-groomed companion, he needs a lot of movements and a little care and concern for his health.
In food, dogs of this breed are not particularly picky, even more likely voracious. They practically do not know the measures and spend all day looking at their owners with hungry eyes. It is recommended not to indulge their sweet begging, otherwise they will not move away from the table, while the owners will eat. Such a phenomenon should be stopped from early childhood.
It is also important to stop theft from puppyhood, as the dog will carry food from the table, street bins, pick up food from the floor. This can cause harm to his health: the animal will recover, swallow a foreign object, and obesity is also possible.
It is better to feed dogs with natural food. In the diet, the main product should be meat, and raw is better, because it has more healthy elements. Additionally, it is desirable to include vitamins and various mineral supplements.
- The Czech Terrier is a rather rare breed of dog. For breeders this may cause some inconvenience.
- Despite the fact that the “Czechs” have excellent health, they can inherit from their Scottish ancestors a disease such as Scotty-Crump syndrome, in which dogs can fall into a convulsive state. Periodic seizures affect the coordination of the Czech terrier. This is not a deadly disease, it passes quickly enough, and the dog begins to behave as usual, but for its owner each attack is additional stress.
- An “eternally hungry” dog can steal food wherever they lie badly, so it’s necessary to bring it up in such a way that it doesn’t allow itself such antics.
This is one of the few breeds of small dogs that can easily be trained. "Czechs" are smart and try to please their master, hence their great obedience. But sometimes the dog can still be stubborn. Feature of the breed is the mind, the ability to learn, perseverance.
To prevent the puppy from becoming uncontrollable, dog handlers and breeders advise holding a series of activities for their early socialization.Some owners ignore training courses, and continue to suffer from the uncontrollability and self-will of their little pets, which can cause a lot of problems and troubles. Dog training must begin in early childhood. This is a good-natured animal, in which you do not need to train aggression. Pet for the family will be a real companion, watchman or will play with children. With proper socialization, the dog will not conflict with other animals, except, of course, the rodents - its natural prey.