Decorative stones on the wall in the interior
Stone as a finish looks equally good both outside and indoors. However, its natural variety is quite expensive, and the weight of the material is impressive. Therefore, for cladding walls, especially internal ones, artificial stone is increasingly being used. Even an aspiring home master will be able to cope with its installation, and repairs will be much cheaper. However, before starting work it is important to decide which artificial stone to use.
Types of decorative stone
If you decide to install a decorative stone on the wall, then you can consider one of its common varieties - cement material. It is easy to clean, and a damaged or scratched surface can be easily repaired. Concrete stone has many advantages, among them:
- long service life;
- high strength;
- variety of textures and colors;
- resistance to wet microclimate.
Such material is fireproof, with time no cracks appear on it, it is difficult to accidentally scratch it when carelessly handling it. But this artificial stone has its drawbacks. These include an impressive mass of elements, high cost and complexity of processing. When cutting material into individual fragments, it is necessary to apply certain efforts using a grinder with a diamond stone.
Use of stone from plaster
If you want to lay a decorative stone on the walls in the hallway, then as an option you can consider gypsum. It looks great in the interior, and you can install the material on drywall, because the surface will not be subjected to serious stress. Such products can be painted, which will eventually update the finish, giving it the desired shade. The main advantages of gypsum are:
- ease of processing;
- lower cost;
- small weight;
- rich shades;
- a variety of textures.
Before choosing a plaster, you should pay attention to its disadvantages. Among them should be highlighted:
- high hygroscopicity;
- low impact resistance.
Such products can not be subjected to wet cleaning, as they absorb moisture well. Influencing friction on the finish is also not worth it, because the surface may be damaged. In order to protect the coating from external influences, it can be treated by impregnation or varnished. More recently, a new development has entered the market - a stone with a polymer coating. Its cost is slightly higher, but the main advantage is that the cladding is not exposed to moisture.
Comparison of concrete with gypsum
If you want to trim a wall under a decorative stone, then you should consider several options for lining. Well, if you make a comparison between the two materials. Concrete and gypsum can act as them. The latter, compared to the first one, is simpler in processing, so no angle grinder is required for cutting. Gypsum stone weighs two times lighter than concrete. This factor is quite important if the walls are not reinforced.
As for the appearance, the difference between concrete and plaster at a glance is quite difficult to notice. These lining options have a rich textured collection and a wide range of colors. If you compare the cost, the gypsum will cost about 950 rubles. per square meter.But the concrete can be purchased for 1500 rubles.
Alternative types of artificial stone
Deciding to carry out the decoration of the walls of the kitchen with decorative stone, you must understand its varieties. The material can be made of stone synthetic products based on fillers made of polyester resins and natural stone chips, clay and mineral additives, as well as colored concretes. The decorative stone can be made of white or gray cement, natural gravel, sand, or colored stone, to which mineral-colored pigments are added. With the help of them it is possible to achieve maximum similarity with natural materials.
In order to give the cladding a higher strength and increase the bearing characteristics, fiber reinforcement is used for its production, which is a special additive from:
- synthetic fibers;
This approach allows you to turn a decorative stone into a kind of metal.
The use of porcelain
Decorating walls with decorative stone may involve the use of porcelain stoneware.These are artificial products, which are made by vibropressing technology under the influence of high pressure. At the end of the pressing, the raw material is subjected to firing, which allows to consolidate the obtained effect.
The composition of the material includes feldspar, mineral supplements, some grades of clay and coloring pigments. In appearance, porcelain tile resembles ceramic tiles or glass. It is resistant to stress, is durable and tolerates temperature extremes. But porcelain tile does not always withstand hydrofluoric acid, which easily comes into contact with glass. The texture of the material can have different embodiments, the structure can be matte, glossy, embossed or glazed.
If you want to finish the walls with decorative stone, you can use agglomerates, they contain polyester resin, as well as fillers, namely:
- marble chips;
Agglomerates have a variety of colors and can imitate different types of natural stone. This finish has high flexural and compressive strengths and is able to undergo severe frosts. Before laying this decorative stone on the wall, it is necessary to examine its shortcomings.Among them should be identified photophobia, the inability to use the material as a floor covering when installing underfloor heating, low resistance to abrasion and chemicals.
If to subject products from agglomerates to heating by a heating system, they can be deformed and will no longer be suitable for further use. Depending on the filler, the strength characteristics of the agglomerates may vary. If there are quartzites in the composition, then the product will not yield to porcelain stoneware in strength.
Laying decorative stone: preparing tools
After reviewing the photo wall trim decorative stone, you can get to work. However, first you need to prepare all the tools, including
- notched trowel;
For cutting stone can be used not only Bulgarian, but also any other suitable tool. For fixing the cladding, you can apply liquid nails and adhesives on different bases. Perfectly coping with the task of the compositions of gypsum and cement. For the cutting of stone, you can additionally purchase a shell, which has high sides.
Before you decorate the walls in the hallway decorative stone, you must prepare the surface. To do this, the old cover dismantled. The base should be leveled. If you plan to cover all the walls with imitation stone, then you should get rid of the old finish completely. This applies to residual plaster, paint and old wallpaper.
If you are planning to decorate only some areas, then there is no need to remove coverage from the remaining zones. On the wallpaper should outline the boundaries of the future decoration and cut them with a knife. It should leave a margin of 2 cm, which will fall under the stone. If you are faced with the difficulty of removing the wallpaper, they must be soaked with hot water and left for some time. Next comes the work spatula.
Leveling and priming
Before you start laying decorative stone on the wall, you must level the surface. This will increase the strength of the coating and reduce the consumption of glue. All irregularities are rubbed with a putty, and if necessary, on the grooves that exceed 5 mm, you need to apply a new layer of plaster. Before priming the walls are polished, and then you can apply a primer.Usually enough two layers. If there are wallpapers on the site, then they need to be primed with a 1 cm approach to the lining.
Laying decorative stone
At the next stage, you can start laying decorative stone on the wall. It is necessary to begin works from a corner. If you make out the area near the door, then you should proceed from the zone of the jamb. An adhesive with a thickness of 5 mm is applied to the stone with a spatula. The tile is pressed against the surface and leveled. In this state, it is left to dry.
If excess glue will form between the seams, they should be removed immediately. When installing large elements between the tiles, a gap in the range of 5 to 8 mm is left. As for the small parts, the surface is often formed from them with elements closely packed together.
Combination of decorative stone with wallpaper
If you plan to design the interior with the use of artificial stone and wallpaper, then this can be done according to a certain algorithm. The first stone is laid. To do this, the base is prepared, cleaned of dust and dirt, and the exfoliating areas are removed. The next step will be the treatment of walls with a primer, which will eliminate the occurrence of mold and fungus.Such training is common for the installation of all finishing materials.
Decorating the walls with decorative stone and wallpaper provides for the installation of rectangular panels in horizontal rows. Products of irregular shape are arranged arbitrarily. In the first case, the wall is marked with a building level. But the elements of irregular shape are pre-laid out on the floor in order to understand the sequence in which to assemble them.
Decorating the walls with decorative stone in the apartment provides for the preparation of adhesive solution. For gypsum panels is better to use the same adhesive composition. When the material is fairly lightweight, liquid nails are used. If you plan to veneer the wall completely in height, then it is better to start the work from above, in this case you will not have to trim the products near the ceiling. Since the material has an uneven surface, it does not have to be leveled to the level according to the principle of tile. When a stone is being cut, the angle grinder is set to low speed.
After sticking a decorative stone it is usually coated with varnish.This gives the finish a rich look and protects it from damage and dirt. As soon as the glue hardens, you can begin to glue the wallpaper. Usually, in this case, the use of their paper version is refused, because it does not look as aesthetically pleasing as vinyl or non-woven finishes.
What wallpaper is suitable stone?
Paper sheets do not have a textured surface and can fade under the influence of sunlight. Such facing is afraid of moisture, which is not always practical for the hallway, where it is necessary to carry out wet cleaning. Vinyl wallpapers have two layers, one of them is textile, the other is made of durable paper. This finish is non-toxic, not afraid of the effects of the fungus and is resistant to wear.
Non-woven wallpaper are a combination of material and provide for the presence of cellulose. It is stronger than paper and more easily stickable. For sale today are textile wallpaper that will be perfectly combined with decorative stone. Such fabrics have a paper backing and textile surface, which can be artificial or natural. Before you glue a decorative stone on the walls, you must pick up the wallpaper.If they are presented as a textile option, it is better to prefer material from viscose, silk or linen. This allows you to create any color scheme that will be able to satisfy the tastes of demanding customers.
Before you start laying decorative stone on the walls, you need to understand its varieties. It may be a cement or gypsum-based material. The first option has a more impressive mass, while the second does not allow for wet cleaning of walls.