Enlarged lymph nodes on the head
Lymphatic vessels deliver the lymph to the lymph nodes, where it is cleaned and returned to the veins of the systemic circulation. Lymph nodes on the head are arranged in small groups (8-10 each). The sizes depend on the constitution and age of the person. One of the main functions is the fight against infections and bacteria.
What are lymph nodes and what are they for?
They have a round bean-shaped shape and a light color. The size varies from 0.5 mm to 2 cm. Consist of connective tissue. In the lymph nodes, the immunological cells of the human body mature and white blood cells are activated to fight infections. When microbes enter the body in large numbers in the lymph nodes, intensive work is being done to prevent the development of diseases. Lymph nodes on the head include: occipital, parotid, submandibular, mastoid, chin and facial.
How to determine whether the lymph nodes are inflamed?
If a virus has entered the human body, resulting in inflammation of the lymph nodes on the head, they increase and become sick during palpation.You can see for yourself whether the lymph nodes are inflamed. The easiest way to determine - palpation. To feel the parotid nodes, gently push down the ear cavity and in a circular motion to determine the lymph nodes. To study the submandibular nodes, you should lower your head and palpate the lower jaw with your fingers. To palpate the chin nodes, also lower the head and smoothly push the area under the chin. To find the occipital nodes, turn your head to the side and stroke the back of the head with a palm. In a healthy person, the lymph nodes are mobile, round, elastic, and there is no pain when feeling them.
What to do with inflammation of the lymph nodes?
Inflammation of the lymph nodes is a phenomenon that is associated with the development of diseases in the human body. Doctors call this phenomenon lymphadenitis. The main symptoms are weakness, headache, fever, loss of appetite and redness in the area of the inflamed lymph nodes. Treatment depends on the type of disease and its severity. At home, to determine the type of infection is quite difficult.Lymph nodes on the head can not be rubbed, heated, massaged. These actions only increase the inflammatory process. Self-medication is dangerous. Therefore, in case of inflammation of the lymph nodes, it is necessary to consult a specialist (general practitioner, laryngologist, oncologist, surgeon). The doctor will conduct a physical examination, examine the geography of the inflamed lymph nodes, their consistency, size, and give directions to a blood test and X-ray. In difficult situations, biopsy is prescribed. The main thing - to identify the cause of inflammation. As mentioned above, the choice of treatment depends on the cause of the disease. Antibiotics are prescribed for bacterial infections ("Amoxicillin", "Ceftriaxone", "Ampicillin", "Ceftazidime"). Aspirin and paracetamol are used to relieve pain and fever. If oncology is the cause, then surgery or chemotherapy is required immediately.