Fable is a fount of wisdom
Aesop - the first fabulist.Fable is a kind of literary genre, having a lyric-epic direction. Usually it is performed in the form of a short poetic story, which depicts human relationships and actions in an allegorical form. The main actors in the fables can act as people and animals.
It is believed that the ancient Greek fabulist Aesopwas the founder of such a direction as a fable. But the "fable of Aesop" is, rather, a collective image attributing to the ancient Greek poet all conceivable satirical subjects. Historically, these subjects were collected from the 15th to 10th centuries. and ending 4-3 centuries. BC.
"Fables of Aesop" - this is not only a storehouse of plots,This is also the basis for creating a special "Aesopian language", which was formed relatively late. This term indicates that the story contains a kind of disguised meaning that the reader must guess the fable. Initially, the fables did not know the subtext. They were written for the people by simple folk language. The first fables in Russian were written in a primitive syllable with the use of non-normative vocabulary. IA Krylov is considered the first Russian fabulist. It was he who acquainted the readers with the works of Aesop, Lafontaine andMartial.Their creations, he not only translated into Russian, but also ennobled. IA Krylov raised a low genre of fables to the court. In 1808 the first collection of the writer was published. He survived a lot of reissues. Only 30 plots the author borrowed, the rest belong to his own pen. Many subjects, in which the national color was shown, were translated into different European languages.
Fable is the teacher of life
The main characters of fables are animals that arecarriers of human qualities. Not only human actions performed by animals, but also the personification of human types, clearly expressed by the character to which the people attribute certain character-forming features, expresses the main idea of the work. "Do not be stubborn, like an ass, stupid, like a turkey, restless and light-minded, like a monkey," says the fable. This is an element of education, carried out through the image of the animal. This is the main characteristic feature of the fable. The school curriculum included works by IAKrylov, KD Ushinsky, LN Tolstoy, S. Mikhalkov and some other writers. Many expressions began to be used as proverbs. "And Vaska listens, but eats", "I did not notice the Elephant", "And the casket just opened" - the most famous of them.
Fables for children have a great educationalmeaning, because with the help of emotions and artistic expression, exert a strong influence on the child, form high social and moral principles.
Fables for children. Learning role
From simple to more complex, from the easiest to the difficult, from the known to the unknown, she leads the child. These are the basic principles of didactics.
Fable is a fount of not only in terms of languagework, but also in the upbringing in the child of morality, the ability to deeply comprehend the material read, the ability to make generalizations and conclusions, as well as the ability to transfer the content of the fable to real life.