Family as a social institution and its role in human life
Family as a social institution
A family is a small social group whose members are connected with the registration of marriage, common children, joint housekeeping, and common spiritual values. She is known since ancient times. The family as a social institution assumes certain functions. Of course, the most important is reproductive. Thanks to this function, the human community multiplies. That is the law of nature. But parents themselves, as a rule, want to have children. They consciously take this step. Therefore, the next family function is educational: parents are responsible for the adaptation of children in society. Further emotional: members of the “cells of society” help each other in difficult moments of life, provide psychological support. The economic function is based on the fact that the working members of this social group must provide all the necessary minors and the disabled.Social status involves the transfer to other family members of their social status; leisure time - spending free time together to develop, enrich everyone’s knowledge and experience: parents and children. And there is also a major function - the function of spiritual intimacy. Love and the desire to be happy become the cause of marriage, and not the desire to multiply or the opportunity to extract from the marriage (marriage) any economic benefits. So, the family as a social institution is the most important component of our society, its “cell”.
There are many criteria by which families are divided into types. One social group can enter at once into several subspecies by different indicators. Life is changing, family values are changing, so over time, new types emerge, according to which the cells of society can be classified.
The composition of the family are divided into complex and nuclear. The last in our lives are found most often. In the presence of two spouses and children, it is a complete nuclear family. If one of the parents lives with the children, the “cell of society” is called incomplete.A difficult family consists of many generations (as a rule, children - parents - grandparents).
By the presence of children and their number
Usually emit: large families, small families, childless, single-child families.
According to the age"
There are such types of families: newlyweds, young family, elderly, etc.
At the place of residence
Often they talk about urban or rural "cells of society".
The role of the family in a person's life
A person is born and immediately becomes a member of the family and society. All adult life revolves around a small creature. Parents for the child are role models; everything that happens in the family affects the mental state of the growing baby. Life goes on, the child becomes an adult, finds its half. Someone from the first, someone repeats the attempt several times, but everyone wants to live where he is comfortable in all respects.