Ferns room: features of cultivation and care
Ferns belong to the oldest representativesvegetative world of the Earth. At that time they were comparable in size to modern trees. Having successfully survived the repeated changes in the climate on the planet, the ferns have successfully survived to the present day and are found in almost all natural areas, including the Arctic and the desert.
Ferns are associated with many folk legends andbeliefs. One of them is a fern flower that blossoms on the night of Ivan Kupala and everyone who finds it opens the secrets of the location of the underground treasures. A more detailed study of ferns showed that these flowers do not have any flowers, but reproduce with the help of spores formed on the lower surface of the leaves.
Beautiful rosettes of openwork leaves of fernslong attracted the attention of lovers of indoor floriculture. The ferns of the room first appeared in the greenhouses of the rich houses of the Victorian era. Since then, fern fashion has experienced ups and downs several times. Currently ferns are again one of the most popular ornamental-deciduous plants. Like other houseplants, the fern is used for planting greenery of residential and office buildings, beautiful pinnate leaves of ferns are used in the compilation of bouquets and floral compositions. In the interior they are wonderful and as solitary plants, located in hanging baskets, and in the form of compositions consisting of ornamental-deciduous and flowering houseplants.
Features of care for ferns
In room conditions can grow more than two thousandspecies of ferns from different parts of the earth, but actually grow only a few dozen. The classic fern consists of a rosette of curved, pinnate leaves, called wai. Some species have solid leaf plates - this is a bone, leaf and platyzerum. The adianum and cibotium are similar to small bushes with thin petioles and tender, graceful leaves. All ferns in the room love high humidity and abundant watering. An earth clod in flower pots with a fern should never dry out, but at the same time it is necessary to avoid unnecessary watering, which threatens the rotting of the roots. To maintain the required moisture level, the plants should be sprayed periodically with water, and other methods of increasing humidity should be used.
It is widely believed that fernsroom better grow in the shade and do not like direct sunlight. This is not quite true. Many ferns need bright diffuse light, but not a bright sun. Such conditions correspond to the location of plants on the eastern or northern windows in the house.
The air temperature should be moderate. Ferns do not like heat and do not tolerate temperatures well above 22C, but at the same time they suffer and when the temperature drops below 10C.
In heated premises in winter time, alwaysvery dry air, fatal to ferns. Growing these plants in apartments is problematic, since it is difficult to choose the necessary temperature and humidity regime. Optimal conditions for ferns can be created in closed flower shop windows, greenhouses, winter gardens.
Transplant and Reproduction
Ferns room do not require frequent transplantation. Young ferns are transplanted in the spring as the plant grows. To transplant an adult plant is necessary only if the roots fill the pot.
A new plant fern can be obtained by dividingbush in several parts. This is usually done in the spring when transplanting. It is possible to grow ferns from spores, but this is a more complex method, available only to experienced growers.