Foodborne disease is a very serious,acute state of the human body, which is caused by the entry into it of pathogens, toxic products of the vital activity of plants or animals, as well as chemically aggressive substances.
Foodborne disease: Symptoms and classification
Symptoms of poisoning directly depend on the nature of the toxin and the severity of the poisoning. In most cases - this is a strong vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, in some cases, a skin rash.
Since it is pathogenic microorganisms that are most often the cause of food poisoning, it is necessary to familiarize themselves with their varieties and the main symptoms of intoxication.
Staphylococcal food poisoning. Its peculiarity is that the incubation period ranges from 30 minutes to several hours - the symptoms of poisoning develop almost immediately. The patient complains of nausea, which changes into vomiting. There is also a pain in the stomach, while a fever or diarrhea may be absent. Infection occurs when eating poor-quality dairy or confectionery products.
- Intoxication with E. coli. The disease develops approximately 4-10 hours after the bacteria enters the microorganism. It begins with acute poisoning with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. The chair does not contain mucus or blood, but has a characteristic sour smell. As a rule, poisoning occurs after eating improperly prepared, infected vegetables.
- Streptococcal food poisoning -rather specific poisoning, which is manifested not only by disturbances in the digestive tract (nausea, diarrhea), but also in the lesion of the larynx, which resembles angina.
Foodborne disease: treatment
With severe attacks of vomiting, frequent, fetiddiarrhea with blood and severe pain in the abdomen should immediately show the doctor, especially if it is a poisoning of a small child or a pregnant woman. In the most severe cases of intoxication, immediate gastric lavage is required. To this end, they can use simple boiled water, a solution of soda or special medicines.
In addition, the patient patient should drink asyou can have more liquid - this can be simple, pure water, tea without sugar or weak solutions of baking soda, salt. The total volume of the liquid must be at least 3 liters per day. In some cases, a sick person should literally force himself to drink because of strong and persistent attacks of nausea. First, in this way, you can quickly get rid of the symptoms of intoxication. Secondly, a plentiful drink prevents the development of dehydration, which is manifested as a result of severe diarrhea.
In the future, you must adhere to a balanced diet, which excludes all heavy, spicy and spicy foods.
Foodborne toxicology: methods of prevention
It should be noted that in almost all casestoxins enter a healthy body together with food. To begin with, it is worth remembering that before consumption, all products should be thoroughly washed and not neglected by the correct methods of heat treatment.
If you notice that the food has an unpleasantodor, uncharacteristic color or texture, looks stale, it shows signs of rot, then refuse to use it. Do not neglect sanitary and hygienic rules.
As for poisoning with chemical toxins,then most often this condition is observed among toddlers who have tried the taste of household chemistry. That's why these things must be kept out of the reach of children. Do not also keep powders, soap and other products directly next to food or tableware.