High diastolic pressure: causes and treatment
Many people know what an increase in pressure is. It is especially well known what discomfort it causes: dizziness, nausea, blurred vision, and so on. What to do if a person has low or high diastolic blood pressure? In order to answer this question, you need to understand what its parameters mean.
What is pressure? Where does it come from?
The doctor makes a diagnosis: high diastolic pressure. The reasons, he argues, are associated with stress and great physical exertion. The person is upset, completely not understanding why pressure rises. Let's see where it comes from. There are three phases in the work of the heart: systole (contraction), diastole (relaxation) and a general pause. During systole, the heart emits blood to nourish the entire body, and during diastole, the heart can be said to rest. The blood, after coming to the right atrium, is sent to the lungs for oxygenation, at the end of its path it returns to the ventricles, which are currently relaxed.This is diastole. At the same time, when blood flows into large vessels, the pressure in them and in parts of the heart is different.
Causes of High Pressure
Since we are interested in high diastolic pressure, the reasons that cause it, and we need to disassemble. With increased blood pressure, the vessels narrow. Because of this, blood hardly passes to organs and tissues, they experience hypoxia, which explains the deterioration of a person’s condition. The cause of high pressure can be a high content of salts and fluids in the body. In this case, the vessel wall swells and narrows. Usually in this case there is a high diastolic pressure. The reasons for its elimination by the appointment of diuretic drugs. Also, kidney disease causes an increase in pressure. Therefore, you need to monitor your health.
The influence of the nervous system on pressure
The nervous system has a very strong effect on the lumen of the vessels, since during a stressful situation a lot of adrenaline is released, so the doctor has the right to prescribe medicines that block its action. Also, these drugs reduce heart palpitations, which delivers discomfort to a person.Ischemia, that is, insufficient nutrition of the heart with oxygen, also affects the increase in pressure. Thus, high diastolic pressure, the causes of which may be, in turn, symptoms of many diseases, must be diagnosed and treated in time. By the way, how is high blood pressure treated?
How to treat high blood pressure?
Those people who often have high blood pressure, naturally, are concerned about the question: "How to treat it or at least how to alleviate your condition?" The answer is quite simple. The decrease in diastolic pressure depends mainly on the content of salts in the body, for example, calcium salts. Therefore, calcium channel blockers are used, the drug Amlodipine is most commonly prescribed. You also need to take drugs that improve heart rate, so that the heart has time to get saturated with blood and oxygen. In addition, diuretics are often prescribed, which remove salts from the body.