How do I charge cartridges?
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Most seasoned professional hunterstry to stuff the cartridges themselves, as charging cartridges is good for both saving money and for your pleasure. Many do not like standard equipment: there is an opinion that in the cartridges that are produced in the factory, too little gunpowder and a lot of shot.
Materials and training
If you decide to learn how to charge a cartridge, then you should be aware of what you will need for this lesson:
- small table;
- Good dispenser for gunpowder and shot;
- scales with fine weights;
- UCS device, which is designed for various calibers;
- table twist;
- for gunpowder and shot, accurate measurements;
- a mariner in order to send out the wads - with a good grip;
- rings for crimping metal and cartridges;
- Special holder for the cartridge - with a hole that will protect the capsule;
- A small stand for ready-made cartridges.
Especially important is how to properly chargecartridges - is to calculate the weight of powder and shot in accordance with the weight of the gun. For example: the gun has 12 caliber and its weight is 3200 g. You need to divide 3200 by 96, and get a suitable weight of the fraction, which is 33.3 g. According to the sample of the shot you need to determine the required amount of gunpowder. For a 12-caliber weight, which is somewhere 3.2 kilograms in accordance with the sample of 33 grams, you need about 2 or 2.2 grams of conventional smokeless powder. And try to remember that the weight of the charge should not be greater than the maximum weight that is indicated on the package.
Before you charge the cartridge you need to carefullyinspect the cartridges. Discard the sleeves that have cracks, burnouts or dents. Carefully beat the shot capsules. The metal casings should be cleaned of oxide and varnish with a solution of vinegar and dried, then lightly lubricate the entire outer surface, however neutral the oil.
All types of sleeves often have a metal basehave to compress. Sleeves made of cardboard in which raspolmacheno dulce, it is desirable to strengthen. To do this, put them in the melted paraffin. The edges of the sleeves made of plastic must be ironed by putting them on the mandrel. Before you load 12-gauge cartridges of plastic, the dummy shells can be expanded by putting on a 16 gauge caliper made of metal.
How to charge cartridges by yourself
Prepare the required quantity for pressingprimers. It is most convenient to press the capsules with a CIP device. The capsule must necessarily fit tightly and should not tilt, sit approximately 0.1 mm below the bottom of the sleeve itself.
The charge of the powder must be weighed on the balance with an accuracyat least to 0.05 g and fill it in the sleeve, using a special sovochke or funnel. It is advisable to measure the powder with a special measure, but beforehand, before charging the next shipment of cartridges, I advise you to carefully check the measurement. To facilitate the decision how to load hunting cartridges in large quantities can use a special powder dispenser.
Now in the cartridges, insert the gaskets that arecut from a very dense but not excessively rigid cardboard, whose thickness is about 3 mm. You can also use factory gaskets, but they are advised to put them somewhere two or three pieces each. If you use a polyethylene obturator, you do not need to put gaskets.
Now install in the cartridges of theit is advisable to prepare in advance, you can use wads of felt, made of wood or polyethylene. But for shells made of metal, you need only use felt felt. Upon completion of the installation, the wool in the sleeve may, remains empty, - in this case, one more additional wool must be installed. The material for additional woofers is how to load 12-gauge cartridges, it is better to use wood that exfoliates all along its height.
We measure and fall asleep a fraction. Fraction of small size is best measured by a dispenser, which is designed for gunpowder, but a large measure, or by measure or by count. When you fall asleep, the place for twisting on the edge of the sleeve is about 4-5 mm. In order to press the cartridge of the 12th caliber with an "asterisk" it is necessary to leave 11 mm. A little nuance in how to charge cartridges of 16 caliber is to leave somewhere 10 mm. At the end of the backfill, tap the finger on the sleeve and cover it with a cardboard gasket, the thickness of which should not exceed 0.5 mm.
Then the sleeve can be twisted. If you press the "star" gasket is not necessary. Remember, how to load a cartridge with a metal sleeve: the gasket must be fixed. It is best to cover the shot with a thin, cork-made thickness of about 3-5 mm.
Features of the 16th caliber
In how to charge cartridges of 16 caliber there are some features:
- Gunpowder Sokol is used with a baggy container if the air temperature is more than +10 it needs - 1.8 grams, less - 1.9 grams with a twist, if we use an asterisk, reduce the weight by 0.1 g.
- Fractions must be taken - 28 g.
- Gasket on the shot to use, if you decide how to load cartridges and roll.
- Pass the cartridges through the calibration ring.
- It is recommended to sign the gasket and the capsule with a permanent marker, indicating the fraction number.
On some sites there are instructions on the video: how to charge cartridges and you can study the whole process in detail. The main thing is how to load ammunition to remember: it is necessary to be extremely careful and accurate. Not only to get ammunition with good accuracy and sharpness of combat, but also for your own safety.