How to transplant an orchid at home?
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Many people think that it is very difficult and only experienced gardeners to transplant an orchid at home. However, this is not quite the case: if all the conditions are met during transplantation, the plant will quickly start and will not get sick.
Orchid transplant at home
Before you transplant an orchid, you should know that this plant belongs to tropical epiphytes, and they grow on the branches of trees. Based on this information, we can conclude that orchids take nutrients not from the earth, but from light, air and rainwater. For this reason, it is necessary to create similar conditions for them, then they will delight with their appearance. Every 2-3 years, the orchid must be transplanted into a fresh substrate and a new pot.
Orchid needs to be transplanted at home in stages, otherwise the flower may not be taken in a new pot and will soon die. To understand the whole process, you can watch the video, but in most cases there is enough information that will be given below.
Preparing for transplant
To transplant orchids will need the following:
- new pot - about 2 cm more in diameter than the previous one;
- sharp clippers;
- long knife;
- special substrate for orchids.
In order not to damage the roots of the orchid, knead the pot on all sides and lightly strike the bottom of the pot. It happens that the roots grow strongly against the walls; in this case, you need to gently hold a knife on the edge of the pot, then the earthen ball easily move away. Cutting the pot into two halves is allowed.
Remove old substrate
To remove the old substrate, knead the dense lump of roots and gently clean them fromsoil residues. You can wash the roots with warm water, but this should be done carefully. Then browse the plant root system and cut off the dead parts. Also examine the roots for pests. If they are, put the plant in a bucket of water for 15 minutes. After this, sprinkle the sections with charcoal to protect the roots from rotting.
Fill the pot 1/4 with drainage material (polystyrene balls, pebbles, expanded clay) or fresh orchid substrate. Then place a flower there, trying not to break the roots.Fill the remaining space evenly with the substrate. Tap the sides of the pot to seal the soil. You should not push long roots into the pot by force, you can leave some of them on the surface. So they will hang from the edges of the pot, absorbing moisture from the air.
Fill the free space between the roots with a wooden stick. Press down the substrate without compacting it unnecessarily, as your actions may damageplant root system. After a transplant, you can only water the orchid after 5 days. This measure will not allow pathogens to get to the fresh sections of the roots of the plant. But so that the orchid does not wither, spray the leaves daily.
Feed the plant fertilizer can be a month after transplantation. Also, it is not necessary to pour in too much fertilizer over the next two months, because germs and pests that could harm it can get into the wounds of the plant and it will soon die. It is better to watch the orchid: if it begins to wither, then the transplant procedure will have to be repeated.