How to write an introduction?
The introduction is present in almost all scientific works, whether it is a student’s essay or a professor’s doctoral dissertation. It is a small, well-structured part of the work, which outlines its main aspects. It is important to know how to write an introduction, since it is the hallmark of all labor. It is thanks to the introduction that the members of the commission make a first impression about the quality of the work presented and it is extremely important that it make a positive impression on them. Introduction provides not only the necessary information, but also represents your work in the most favorable light.
Relevance of the topic of work
Introduction begin to write with designation of relevance of the topic. The importance of this item is difficult to overestimate. This is the rationale for the choice of the topic and its relevance in modern conditions of economic, social or cultural development. Psychological aspect: it is necessary to convince the reader that the topic in question (but not your work) is of great social importance.It is necessary to attract the reader to address this issue. It is important that he was not a bystander, but a participant on a subconscious level. Then he will be able to see in your work and a fraction of his work, which will affect the assessment only positively.
Degree of knowledge of the issue
Next is the level of problem disclosure: how well the topic has been studied by domestic experts and abroad. If the topic has been developed successfully enough, write down what you do not agree with, and whose point of view you support. You can specify which nuances of the predecessors were missed, and you propose to focus on them. It is very important because you emphasize the degree of your erudition in this matter.
How to write an introduction: object and subject
It is time to pay attention, in fact, to the object of research - that to which further pages of work are devoted. Invest all your abilities in these few lines. A couple of dozen words, try to convey the content of all the work. Truly, brevity is a sister, and talent is her brother.
The description of the subject is the specific properties of the object to which the research itself is directed, that is, the part of the whole subjected to attempts to understand and study it.For example, a textbook can be the object of study, and the object of study is its ability to convey knowledge to the heads of thoughtful students.
We set the goal of the work
The goal of the work is, in fact, what the performer seeks. Perhaps this is a deep analysis of some properties of the object of study, the proof or refutation of existing concepts. The goal may be the definition of new methods and ways of applying a particular subject. For example, to study the effectiveness of obtaining knowledge by students with the help of a textbook in conditions of weightlessness.
How to write an introduction: schedule tasks
The objectives of the work subordinate the entire project, there are several tasks. These are stages of achieving a goal, peculiar steps when moving towards something. This stage can be the head of your work, which solves a specific task. In our example, you can define several steps:
- selection and training of students who are able to get together and solve the problem set in conditions of weightlessness;
- the method of obtaining the state of weightlessness (space flight, simulator or immersion);
- the question of choosing a textbook for this study;
- other organizational matters, etc.
We select research methods
If you write that the scientific knowledge of the subject of the study was carried out by methods of analysis and comparison, the first fly in the ointment is provided. This is one way to write an introduction for a failed job. Only the inattention of the reader or his unpreparedness can help out.
There are two types of scientific methods: theoretical, which includes, in fact, theory, hypotheses, scientific laws and scientific modeling; and empirical, consisting of experiments, observations, scientific research, measurements.
It remains to choose those that were used in the process of studying the object of work.
Correctly write an introduction: information
Give some of the most powerful examples of materials used in preparation for writing. It is better if these are not normative materials, legislative acts or yearbooks, but scientific works of learned men (ideally, commission members), reports and materials of conferences, research reports and other scientific literature.
Theory and practice
The theoretical significance is justified by the possibility of applying the results of research in a particular branch of knowledge.
Practical significance due to the likelihood of using practical recommendations proposed by the author.
These two concepts should be obvious and have the potential to convince listeners.
Without fanaticism, but we convincingly praise our work and the results achieved with its help with concrete examples. List everything that has at least some positive connotation.
Finally, postpone your work and forget about it for a week or a couple of days. Then read it again. Correct the existing shortcomings and let your more sophisticated comrade read. A well-written introduction should be curious. Remember, a good introduction is like a goalkeeper in football - half the success!