Intestinal infections in children: causes and their treatment
Intestinal infections in children is a rather dangerous disease, the causative agent of which can be either bacteria or viruses. When this occurs, the defeat of the gastrointestinal tract, accompanied by dehydration and poisoning. This pathology is very difficult and can lead to impaired digestive function, dysbiosis and even lagging of the child in development.
Intestinal infections in children: ways of infection
As a rule, the main source of the disease is a sick person. But bacteria and viruses can enter the body of a child with unwashed or already spoiled food, and through untreated water. Moreover, the majority of pathogens of the disease in one or another quantity are always in the environment, but with factors favorable for their development, their numbers increase significantly, which leads to a dangerous disease.Acute intestinal infections in children "attack" those organisms whose immunity is in a weakened state.
The main symptoms of infection are:
- persistent vomiting;
- diarrhea with fetid odor;
- temperature increase, depending on the pathogen, it can "jump" to 39-40 degrees;
- the child’s refusal to eat and the constant desire to drink;
- abdominal pain (usually with dysentery).
When you need to urgently call a doctor
Intestinal infections in newborns are a dangerous disease that can lead to disastrous consequences. An urgent need to call a doctor if you find the following symptoms:
- vomiting containing blood impurities;
- severe dehydration of the child's body, which is accompanied by pallor of the skin, "confluence" of the eyes, dry skin and mucous membranes, furred tongue, weathered lips;
- the child does not want to take any liquid and has not urinated for more than 5-6 hours.
Intestinal infections in children: treatment
When symptoms of this pathology are detected in a child, it is necessary to immediately begin taking measures to alleviate his condition.If the infection was provoked by ingestion of low-quality products, it is necessary to force vomiting by force, constantly giving the child to drink. It is also advisable to do a cleansing enema. Remember that in this way the body will get rid of intoxication. In cases when vomiting and diarrhea, on the contrary, do not cease, it is necessary to fill up the lost water balance, otherwise the case may reach dehydration or even worse - a lethal outcome. For this child it is necessary to water all the time and preferably with special salt solutions. If they were not at hand, simple water or unsweetened compotes will do. Note that you need to give to drink literally one spoon, but every 5-10 minutes. When consuming large amounts of water, repeated vomiting can be triggered. Remember that if the symptoms of the presence of infection in a child do not go away, then it is better not to risk and call a doctor.