Karel Capek: biography, creativity
When it comes to Czech literature, to the headcomes, first of all, the name of such an author as Karel Capek. Readers all over the world know his fantastic stories, philosophical and psychological works. A short biography of a Czech writer is the topic of the article.
Life and art
Karel Capek was born into a doctor's family in 1890. The writer's childhood did not pass in the bohemian environment, but in the ordinary. The family of Czapek was surrounded by artisans and farmers. The children's impression of the prose writer and playwright reflected in his work, which mainly depicts the life of ordinary people. However, the creativity of this author is quite multifaceted. Karel Capek wrote and stories, and novels, and travel notes, and fantastic works. And it was with his light hand that science fiction writers began to use in the literary work the word "robot", which designates a mechanism created in the human likeness.
After graduation from the gymnasium, Karel Capek enteredthe capital's university. And in 1915 he received a Ph.D. For many years he worked as a journalist, and in 1921-1923. - a playwright at the Prague Theater.
Compose Czapek began in his adolescence. But the early works were published much later. Famous writer brought dramatic works. The most famous of them is the comedy "From the life of insects".
Philosopher and prose writer
The formation of the worldview of Czapek took place under theinfluence of significant historical events. When he graduated from the university, the First World War began. The young writer thought about the causes of bloody conflicts. He was not indifferent to the development of human civilization.
Especially rapidly developing creativityCzapek in the thirties of the last century. The economic crisis and the threat of new bloodshed were problems that most occupied the writer's thoughts. Czapek became a participant in the anti-fascist movement. A special place in his works was occupied by the theme of war.
Before the liberation of Czechoslovakia from the fascists writerdid not live to see it. He died in 1938. In those years, according to eyewitness accounts, few believed in overthrowing the fascist dictatorship. One of the writers and public children who did not doubt the defeat of the policy of violence was Karel Capek.
The famous works of the Czech writer -"Krakatit", "Mother", "Factory of the Absolute". The top of Chapek's work is considered to be the novel "Wars with the Newts". This work is attributed to the most powerful anti-fascist books of pre-war time. Capek wrote "War with the Newts" two years before his death. According to critics, the novel combines all the best that is in the work of the Czech author. In the work there is an original idea, satirical grotesqueness, deep philosophical overtones.
A lot of stories, feuilletons, essays writtenKarel Capek. Fairy tales belonging to his pen - "Pochtarskaya Tale", "About Fox", "Bird's Tale" and many others. According to the memoirs of friends and relatives, Chapek often said that he would die at the age of sixty years. The prediction did not come true. The writer passed away at forty-eight. But in his relatively short life he created an incredible number of works, translated subsequently into all European languages. Most of his books were filmed.