Key Functions of Modern Science
Science and its achievements are integral parts of modern life. The degree of its development determines the power of the state, the foresight of the government, the standard of living of the population and so on.
Science is directly related to the culture of society,developing its cognitive, practical and methodological functions. In addition, the functions of modern science are manifested in the activities of each hotel state, and the whole planet as a whole.
If we talk about the function of science in society, thenThis was not so long ago. Measuring the entire lifetime of mankind on Earth with the development of a scientific and technical base, the period of the importance of science will not be so great. Turning to history, we have to admit that for most of our life humanity has been content with minimal comforts, not striving for something better. Everyday life, everyday life, work - there was little time left for science. The main enemy of knowledge of the incomprehensible and inexplicable has always been the church with its divine providence. People could not abandon theological beliefs for a long time, fearing cruel reprisals.
In our society, the functions of modern science are considered, relying on three areas:
1) science - the totality of knowledge about the surrounding world (nature, society),
2) science - specialized institutions for conducting research,
3) science is the professional activity of a person.
Science has no right to be based onassumptions and unproven facts, its main satellites are the rationality of thought and experimental confirmation. That is why among its main goals are the description, explanation and forecasting.
Realizing that the functions of modern science are soare important and large-scale, the governments of successful and most developed countries are trying to invest huge amounts in the development of technical and natural science bases. The newest developments of scientists are becoming especially secret if they relate to military equipment, which is directly related to the status and power of the state on a general political scale, its relative economic independence.
The main functions of modern science are as follows:
1) knowledge of the unknown,
2) the production function responsible for progress in the field of technical and technological equipment,
3) science - the social force necessary to control the development of society and aimed at developing new programs relating to the socio-economic development of society,
4) the cultural function responsible for the education of an even more educated generation that can adequately continue to improve what is already available and create something new that has never been accessible to anyone before.
The functions of science in society are united under theseveral points. Generalization reveals a huge web of relationships. For example, one of the main indicators of the impact of scientific and technological progress on society is computerization. The achievements in this area are so great that they are not transferred to the transfer. The World Wide Web, the possibility of remote communication with it, the creation of unified search systems for information retrieval and much more - made possible what some time ago could be read in the books of famous science fiction writers.
Particularly important in our time are manifestationssocial function of science. The impact of science on society is two-sided. It is impossible to compare life in the 80 years of the last century with the modern standard of living of the world's population. Electrical equipment, microelectronics, cellular communication change and many times activate human activity, allowing to reduce the time for searching information among textbooks and books, giving the opportunity to make a call anywhere in the world and so on.
In addition, the manifestations of the social function of science are visually represented in the form of solving various social problems that periodically break out and constantly exist in a civilized society.
It is unlikely that in our time there are opponentsscientific and technical progress. Nevertheless, speaking of its usefulness, we must not forget what led the development of bombs, missiles and other things. All good has always the opposite side, with which science must again cope.