Is laryngitis contagious or not for others? Types, features of the course and methods of treatment
Contagious laryngitis or not? We will understand more in this article. Infectious diseases such as colds, along with measles, whooping cough and scarlet fever, can provoke the development of the disease, which is called laryngitis. In the presence of provoking factors, this ailment does not miss the opportunity to settle in the human body.
How long does the disease last?
Acute laryngitis can last for about two weeks, after which it usually goes into a chronic form. There are several forms of occurrence of this disease, some of which can pose a very serious danger to others. A person can persistently treat colds without knowing at all that he is a carrier of dangerous and pathogenic bacteria.In more detail about this ailment we will tell in our article, and also we will find out what is laryngitis - whether it is contagious or not.
Symptoms of laryngitis
The initial stage of this disease manifests itself, as a rule, in the form of an unpleasant sensation of burning, as well as dryness in the larynx. In this case, the state of health can be quite good. At the next stage, a convulsive, and at the same time, exhausting cough may appear along with a headache and problems of swallowing. In addition, a person's hoarse voice disappears and goes into a whisper. It is better to know in advance whether laryngitis is contagious.
The cough may become wet and may be accompanied by expectoration of sputum, which can sometimes be purulent. Against the background of this disease in humans, the level of leukocytes in the blood usually increases. In addition, the mucous membrane of a throat reddens and swells. This happens because of burst capillaries, in place of which purple points appear. Contagious laryngitis or not at different stages interests many.
What are the causes of the disease?
When infected with a viral infection, the acute stage of the disease manifests itself when inflammatory processes occur on the nasopharyngeal mucosa. Sometimes inflammation can move to the bronchi or lungs.Most often, something similar happens in adults, but can occur in children. In addition, there is an opportunity to catch the disease, being in the same room with an infected person. In this regard, it should be said that laryngitis can be transmitted by airborne droplets. But this does not always happen. Is laryngitis contagious in adults?
A human larynx can be inflamed as a result of infection by a respiratory virus, and, moreover, by bacteria of streptococcus and staphylococcus. In this case, the main external causes of laryngitis are the following external causes:
- Too hot or too cold drinks and dishes.
- Long and forced tension in the vocal cords.
- Severe hypothermia of the body.
- Smoking, including passive.
- Drinking alcohol.
- Inhalation of dust, gases or steam along with some irritating chemicals.
Internal causes of laryngitis, which can affect the neuro-muscular system of the vocal cords, are the following factors:
- Violation of metabolic processes.
- The presence of hypersensitivity of the mucous larynx.
- On the background of gastroesophageal reflux in the esophagus can get the contents of the stomach. As a result of this factor, sores on the ligaments may appear, while the voice itself may hoarse.
Contagious or not laryngitis for children?
Laryngitis in childhood
Children who attend kindergartens or schools are extremely at risk of this disease, especially if the institution rarely ventilates the room. Only one of the diseased can be dangerous to other people, so you should try to reduce the contact of the child with potential carriers of a bacterial infection. Is laryngitis contagious for children? Oh sure.
False croup - the so-called acute form of the disease - can cause children younger than seven years old who suffer from exudative diathesis. Due to swelling and spasm of the glottis, the laryngeal lumen is narrowed, making it difficult for the child to breathe. Attacks with this occur mainly at night. On their background, a child may wake up in a sweat from barking cough. The lips of the patient may turn blue, and breathing is difficult. Directly breathing will be noisy.The temperature usually rises only slightly, but can often remain normal. After about half an hour, the symptoms may stop, allowing the child to fall asleep.
In this case, of course, urgent hospitalization is required. While waiting for an ambulance, parents should ventilate the room and perform soda inhalation, and then give the baby an alkaline drink. In order to relieve laryngeal edema, the doctor will inject the necessary medications. Antihistamine medicines must be stored in the first-aid kit.
Of course, at home it is possible to successfully conduct inhalations, but in the event that the child begins to have severe edema, intubation of the trachea can only be performed by a qualified specialist. In addition, it may be necessary resuscitation along with artificial ventilation of the lungs.
We can safely say that laryngitis is contagious to others.
How is the disease acquired?
The main causes of laryngitis are the following factors:
- Allergen gets, as a rule, on the mucous membrane, irritating the larynx. Breathing may become heavy and be accompanied by a painful cough. But this form of laryngitis is, of course, non-infectious.
- Reaction to medications.Children under three years of age should use medication in the form of sprays with extreme caution. True, pediatricians, unfortunately, often prescribed drugs that cause disease of laryngitis. A strong jet of inhaler acting on the larynx, which is saturated with nerve endings, leads to spasms and inflammation of the vocal cords. This is how laryngitis begins. True, this form can not be infected.
- Frequent emotional turmoil. After them, children can have spasms of the vocal cords. This form is also not dangerous to others.
- Presence of genetic predisposition. It is interesting to note that this predisposition is determined by the diet of the pregnant. As a result of the abuse of fatty foods, along with an excess of carbohydrates in a child, the risk of developing otolaryngological diseases increases. In the event that a pregnant woman is over the age of thirty-five or has suffered an infectious disease, the child is highly exposed to this risk. The course of immunostimulants along with carrying out medical procedures will not allow to develop a chronic form. Such laryngitis is also not contagious.
- Infection of infection.With the defeat of the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract viruses can cause an acute form of laryngitis, which will be very dangerous to others.
Laryngitis - contagious or not?
As a result of viral laryngitis, it will not be advisable to use antibiotics, since these drugs have no effect on viruses. This helps with bed rest along with frequent warm drinks, herbal and soda inhalations, and moist air in the patient’s room. A complete cessation of smoking is also extremely important. As a rule, in two weeks or earlier, depending on the state of human immunity, the disease recedes. But the viral form of this disease can be transmitted by airborne droplets, so do not neglect the protective mask.
It is somewhat problematic to answer the question of whether laryngitis is a contagious disease. First of all, it is necessary to establish the causes that provoked the disease. In the event that laryngitis was caused by viruses or bacteria, the probability of infection by those around them is extremely high. Patients need a special mask so that when sneezing, the release of germs does not get to other people.
Any type of laryngitis in children is contagious or not? An illness that occurs due to irritation of the larynx, along with emotional shock, an allergic reaction or due to genetic predisposition, cannot be transmitted from the patient to the people around him.