Lyme disease: symptoms
Lyme disease, the symptoms and causes of which will beconsidered in this article, arises because of the spirochetes called Borrelia burgdorferi. The bacterium passes through the bites of ticks. For the disease is characterized by a recurrent and chronic course. Often one can observe the defeat of the nervous system, skin, heart, and also the musculoskeletal system. Lyme disease in dogs, cats and other animals happens at least as often as in humans.
This disease was first described in 1975. This year in an American city called Lyme, several patients immediately discovered arthritis, which is very unusual.
As mentioned above, the symptoms of Lyme diseaseappear after a tick bite. Pathogens get into the blood together with the saliva of the insect. Then they begin to multiply (the process can last several days), and then penetrate into the internal organs.
Pathogens can be in the body for several years. In principle, the nature of the course of the disease depends on the length of their stay.
Symptoms of chronic Lyme disease canappear many years after infection. Diagnose it, usually using a blood test. Modern methods allow quite quickly to recognize the disease.
Lyme disease: symptoms
At the site of the bite, you can see a smallredness. Over time, the red spot will become larger. Its shape is oval or rounded. Sometimes it is wrong. The most red is the outer edge of the affected area (roller). Also note that it rises above the general level of the skin.
After a while, some part of the stain getscyanotic shade or pale. In the place where the tick bites, there is a crust. Her scar changes. If the stain is not treated, then it can last up to three weeks.
Lyme disease, the symptoms of which we are considering,will make itself felt about a month from now. After this period, the nervous system will be damaged. She will also touch the joints and heart. In most cases, you can observe a variety of flu-like symptoms. These include pain in the throat, muscles, weakness, fever, and so on.
Symptoms include a feverjoints. They ache, often swell. The muscles cramp. Neurological symptoms include insomnia, paralysis, hearing impairment and skin sensitivity.
Heart lesions are expressed in bradycardia, arrhythmia, dizziness and so on.
Most often people get sick with this ailment in the spring or in the early summer. In the first two weeks, flu-like symptoms are usually accompanied by a rash. It takes place by itself.
Incorrect treatment or lack of it canlead to the fact that serious damage to the heart, nervous system, joints will develop. It is worth noting that complications may occur in those patients whose treatment was started in the early stages.
This disease is incorrectly diagnosed for the reason that the symptoms do not have their own specifics. Lyme disease is often confused with meningitis, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis.
Mood swings, weakness, persistent fatigue and other neurological symptoms can be confused with manifestations of other diseases.
Lyme disease, the symptoms of which are diverse, inrare cases leads to death. Death can occur because of heart problems. It is also worth noting the unpleasant fact that the disease can cause a miscarriage.
Treatment of the disease
As a rule, doctors prescribe antibioticsintravenously. The period is two weeks. In severe cases, the period can be extended. In some cases, surgical intervention should be used in the treatment of affected joints.
It should be noted that during the treatment and during rehabilitation it is necessary to rest more. It can not be overstrained.