Mycoplasmas in women. Ways of infection and signs
Mycoplasma is the smallest microorganism,known science to date. Having a simple structure, mycoplasmas easily divide and multiply, even though their cell does not contain a nucleus. Scientists refer this microorganism to an intermediate variant, since according to the classification of microorganisms it does not fit any of the known classes.
Reproduction of mycoplasma in women, as well as inof men, in 10% of cases it causes pneumonia, and in 90% of cases the disease proceeds without lung injury. However, there are often people - carriers of mycoplasmosis, whose body contains this microorganism, but there are no signs of disease.
Pneumonia caused by mycoplasmosis is transmittedairborne droplets, and the contact during transmission must be very dense. The source of the disease can be a family, a school class, an office with employees. The most common disease affects children and adults, whose age ranges from 5 to 20 years. Mycoplasmas in women of this age are detected as often as in men. Adults suffer much less often, but the severity of the disease in adults can be much higher than in young adults. Epidemic outbreaks of mycoplasmosis occur on the ground every 3 to 5 years. Liquidation measures in mycoplasmosis do not provide for the isolation of sick people from healthy people. This is due to the fact that it is impossible to protect the population due to many carriers of mycoplasma.
The incubation period (from the moment of infection toappearance of the first signs) of the disease does not exceed two to three weeks. Mycoplasmas in women manifest their presence with headache, sore throat, muscle soreness, dry cough, lasting several weeks. Body temperature with mycoplasmosis is slightly elevated, but acute pneumonia may be accompanied by high fever.
Mycoplasmas are classified according to the species that areare of great variety. The most dangerous for humans are microorganisms that can cause pneumonia, this is Micoplasma pnevmoniae, affecting the genitals such as Micoplasma hominis and Micoplasma genitalium, and complicating the organs of the genitourinary system (Ureplasma urealyticum).
Mycoplasmas in women, affecting organsgenitourinary system, in most cases proceed secretly, without visible clinical manifestations. Detecting the pathogen is possible only with certain types of complications or with the simultaneous damage of the organism to mycoplasmal infection and some other kind of microorganism with which mycoplasmas can perfectly co-exist. Mycoplasmosis during pregnancy can be established by a routine medical examination with a doctor, who watches the course of pregnancy.
Mycoplasmas that affect the sexual organs, most oftenare transmitted sexually, less often - through infected underwear or by airborne droplets. Infection at sexual contact can occur from a partner who is a carrier of mycoplasma, without knowing it. The danger of this type of disease is that a woman infected with mycoplasmosis often does not even know about it because of the absence of signs of the disease. Occasionally, minor pain in the lower abdomen, in the lumbar region, can be observed. There may be unpleasant sensations during urination. The consequences of the disease are much more severe than the disease itself. Mycoplasmosis can provoke miscarriage, premature birth in the early stages of pregnancy. Infection in the late stages of pregnancy can lead to intrauterine infection of the fetus, in which severe damage to his brain is possible.
Treatment of mycoplasmosis should appoint a doctor,who selects drugs and procedures that take into account the individual characteristics of the patient. Mycoplasmosis is treated with antibiotics, which should be prescribed depending on the sensitivity of the microbe and the body's response to their use.