Nikolay Nekrasov: a short biography of the Russian classic
Among the glorious galaxy of Russian classics worthythe place is occupied by Nikolay Nekrasov. A brief biography of this poet, writer and publicist will be considered below. What enriched Russian poetry NA Nekrasov? Firstly, he introduced in the lines of his poems versatile turns, Russian folklore and prose. Folk phraseology greatly expanded the range of poetry. And secondly, the poet was the first to combine in the boundaries of one poem different genres - satirical, idyllic, lyrical.
Nekrasov. Brief biography of the poet: origin
He was from a once rich landlord family.However, due to the fatal predilection of its members for gambling, the father of the writer, Aleksei Sergeevich, left only a small estate named Greshnevo in Yaroslavl Province. The mother of the poet, Elena Zakrevskaya, was the daughter of an official. Parents did not want to give out their beautiful and beautifully educated daughter for the poor and glorious revelers and gambler of an army officer. Then Elena and Alexei got married secretly. Later, she often regretted it. Drunken orgies of her husband, impoverishment of the family due to card debts - these are the realities in which Elena lived, little Nikolai and another 12 of his brothers and sisters.
Much in consciousness form the early years.Nikolai Nekrasov, whose brief biography reveals his formation as a writer, was born in 1821 in Nemyriv (now Vinnytsia region of Ukraine). At three years the boy moved to the family estate of Greshnevo. There he was an involuntary witness to the arbitrariness of his father, knocking out arrears, the humiliated position of the mother. It was she, who died early, will later devote a number of his works ("Mother", "The Last Songs", "The Knight for an Hour"). At age 11 Nikolai entered the gymnasium in Yaroslavl, where he studied mediocrely. But there he wrote his first poems.
My father taught Nikolai a military career, and in 1838sent him to a noble regiment in St. Petersburg. But there he met his classmate at the gymnasium, a student who carried away his desire to enter the university. Examinations Nekrasov failed. Left without the material help of an angry father, he had to find work. In those years Nekrasov, whose brief biography was incomplete without this episode, lived in extreme poverty. Sometimes he even slept in shelters for the homeless. Need not only acquainted him with the world of the poor, but also tempered the character.
Recognition of talent
How did it all come from an unknown beggarsuch a classic of Russian literature, as Nikolai Alekseevich Nekrasov? Biography - a short story of past years - can not convey the difficulties that the poet had to overcome on the road to recognition. The first collection of his youthful poems was recognized by critics as unsuccessful. Nekrasov continued to write vaudeville, wrote fairy tales in verse for popular publications. Finally, he decided to try his hand at prose. So his own realistic method began to manifest itself. Even greater success was expected by the writer in the field of editorial work in the journal Sovremennik. In the pages of this edition, Turgenev and Tolstoy, Goncharov and Herzen, Saltykov-Shchedrin and Dostoevsky revealed their talents.
From the 1850s, the writer began serioushealth problems. In addition, the aggravation of political repression in the country and the split for ideological reasons among the editors and authors of Sovremennik led to the fact that the magazine was closed. However, Nekrasov and his friends continued to publish poems and various critical materials in Svistka, which used to be an attachment to the main edition. These changes influenced the general style of Nekrasov's poetry. She changed, became accusatory, scourging.
ON. Nekrasov. Biography: a brief description of creativity
Until his death from cancer in 1877, the poetcontinued to create. He was most famous for such works as the poem "To Whom in Russia Live Well", "Russian Women", "Frost, Red Nose", "Railway", poem "Grandfather Mazai and hares". His work was devoted to the Russian people, his sufferings and great hopes.