Orest Adamovich Kiprensky: paintings, brief biography
Journalist Thaddeus Bulgarin mentioned this outstanding artist as a person gifted with an unusual talent to see the depth of the soul, hidden from prying eyes. We are talking about Oreste Adamovich Kiprensky.
Kiprensky Orest was born in 1782, March 24th. His mother, a peasant serf by birth, gave birth to a son from the landowner Dyakonov, and later married Shvalbe Adam. Surname Kiprensky is fictional.
Orestes was Dyakonov's bastard son, but despite this, the landlord took great care of the child. At the age of 6, Orestes became a free man and was determined by Dyakonov to the Art Academy of St. Petersburg. Already at the beginning of his school career, Kiprensky was noted as a gifted boy. He many times received various medals for composite sketches and studies.
V.S. Dmitriev, a tutor and teacher at the Academy of Fine Arts at the time, noted that Orestes was distinguished from his peers by a sensitive perception of the color gamut. He painted at ease, easy. Often the boy could be caught even by singing.Kiprensky was capable, lively and temperamental.
After 9 years, Orest Adamovich Kiprensky successfully completed his studies in an educational school of the Art Academy and got into the class of historical painting of the same institution. Gifted pupils studied here, because historical painting at that time was the highest genre of art.
In the drawings of Orestes, one could see a special, own style. The virtuosity of the performance is distinguished by such works as the “The Model with the Red Cloak”, “Hector and Andromache”, “The Readers of Newspapers in Naples”.
The painter's training took place in a half-block mode, where he was subjected to constant mustering, and routine reigned around. After Kiprensky finished his studies at the Art Academy, among friends, they began to call him "extravagant Orest" and "ardent".
The artist Kiprensky never parted with his album, and his soul accepted all the impressions of life. His friends said that he did not know the measures in work and hobbies. In principle, the young man never distinguished work from hobbies, because he wrote everything that attracted his interest, captured.
In the early creative period, Orest Adamovich Kiprensky drew attention to the work of Levitsky and Ugryumov. He also reflected the romantic perception of images when he painted portraits of participants in the Patriotic War. He was inherent in a light romantic style of drawing, he worked measuredly and calmly, catching subtle notes of shades and sensual movements around.
In 1816, the artist Kiprensky began to travel to different countries, draw his paintings, which were popular in Italy, Germany, Switzerland. For the first time his talent was recognized in Europe. A turning point in the works was a trip to Italy. Portraits Kiprensky acquired certainty forms, images, classical style of writing.
Artistic trends Kiprensky
At the beginning of the 19th century, Russian portrait art changed a little due to the influence of Kiprensky. His pictures helped to reveal the human individuality, to establish the ideal of harmony, the special nuances of the personality. In his drawings, he could convey the full depth of feelings that people experience.
A brief biography of Kiprensky states that the artist managed to catch the delicate spiritual thread of the hero of the picture. In the prewar period, Kiprensky made a portrait image of a brave hussar. The figure depicts a determined and open person, characterized by bright glowing eyes, the courage of a real fighter. Behind this beautiful face one can notice the tense force, the readiness to commit the feat. The portrait clearly shows that the person is waiting for the battle and believes in victory.
During the Patriotic War of 1812, Orestes switched from a brush to a fast pencil. He worked a young portraitist defiantly, boldly and ardently. Looking at the portraits of participants in the war, we can note their heroism, courage, animation, victory and faith in the triumph. The drawings are distinguished by sincerity and desire to achieve their goals. Painting Kiprensky conveyed his spiritual intimacy with the person depicted.
In 1825-1827 Orestes painted a portrait of the great poet A.S. Pushkin. The picture conveys to the viewer not a simple image of a person, but a part of the artist’s soul, his personality, mood, fate and attitude towards people. Of course, Kiprensky managed to convey in the portrait of Pushkin a piece of himself.
Kiprensky’s canvases never grow old, for he painted portraits depicting the beautiful appearance and soul of a person that has been preserved for centuries. His works make you think about being, call on everyone to become kinder and better.
Female images are a special part of Orest Adamovich's creative work. Each picture Kiprensky reveals the soul of the creator, conveys the depth of the image, appearance. All this thanks to the skill. Portraits of Shcherbatova, Avdulina and Khvostova are considered the most popular. And the most outstanding work is the image of Rostopchina. Behind a wide and good-natured smile of this beautiful woman hides spiritual and emotional experiences. The drawing clearly has drama, a kind of mental crisis.
From 1813 to 1814, Orestes created several pencil portrait drawings of boys and girls of different ages. Each of them conveys the finest facet of childish nature.
In the same years, Kiprensky, whose paintings were already popular, received an academic title, and a few years later became an adviser in his native Art Academy. That time is considered the most successful in terms of recognizing the talent of the master.
Famous works of Orest Kiprensky
Portrait of Davydov E. the artist created in 1809. Now the picture belongs to the State Russian Museum of St. Petersburg. Many believed that the canvas depicted a friend of the poet Pushkin, a military leader named Davydov. But this assumption was wrong, as it became known later. It turns out that Davydov had 2 brothers who bravely fought against the French. Historians and art historians are still arguing over which of the two brothers is depicted on the canvas, but they are leaning in favor of Evgraf.
In 1816, the artist painted a portrait of V. Zhukovsky. You can see this picture of Kiprensky in the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow. This is a vivid example of the skill of Orest Adamovich. A kindred world view united Kiprensky and Zhukovsky. Although poetry is far from painting, Zhukovsky always said that the two types of art are closely related. In general, different things brought these two creative people together.
The painting "Poor Lisa" was written by Kiprensky in 1827 after the famous story of Karamzin. The literary work is a commemoration of Russian sentimentalism.
The painting “Readers of Newspapers in Naples”, created by him in 1831, is considered to be the most striking example of Kiprensky’s mastery. Now this work of art is kept in the Tretyakov Gallery. Until now, art historians can not unravel the whole meaning of this canvas. The painting depicts people reading a newspaper cover. Looking at the title of the title, you can understand that we are talking about Polish events. In Poland, an uprising occurred in 1830, which was soon suppressed by the tsarist paramilitary unit. Because of these events in the country, the Constitution, adopted in 1815 and transmitted by Alexander the First to the Polish people, was abolished.
And of course, when you look at the people depicted, an involuntary question arises: who are they? Kiprensky himself spoke of Russian travelers. But many believe that there are Polish revolutionaries in the picture, since we are talking about events in this country. All the unrest that occurred in Europe in the 18th century, which continued in the 19th, became the impetus for the painters who began creating political portraits and paintings.
Famous artists and experts expressed their opinion on this canvas. They say with confidence that the work of Kiprensky can be safely compared with the paintings of the great Leonardo da Vinci. And perhaps this is true.