Pasternak (plant): cultivation and care, useful properties. What does a parsnip plant look like
Vegetable culture, which has extremely beneficial properties and is not so widespread among consumers, is parsnips. The plant is known to man since the time of Pliny (I century BC. E.). Due to its pleasant smell, it is used by gourmets in most cases as a spice. Few people know that the main advantage of this plant is its excellent beneficial properties for the body, especially with diet food.
What does a parsnip plant look like?
This root is a relative of carrots and parsley, part of the umbrella family. Its distinctive characteristics:
- rich green elevated part;
- white root;
- nice smell.
It is almost impossible to establish the territory where parsnip first appeared.The plant is found in the Caucasus, Siberia, Europe.
In the old days, parsnips had a small size and rigidity. Nowadays there are several varieties of this plant:
- "A long".
- "Russian size".
- Other species.
Parsnip plant: useful properties
This plant is characterized by a rather useful composition, it contains:
- trace elements (phosphorus, calcium, copper, iron);
- vitamins (groups B, C);
- organic acids;
- mono - and disaccharides;
- essential oils;
- alimentary fiber.
Such a rich composition makes this root vegetable very nutritious and valuable for people on a diet. It should be noted that it is pasternak that is used for many diseases. Its useful properties are expressed in the fact that it:
- stimulates appetite and improves digestion;
- promotes the rapid absorption of food;
- has a diuretic effect;
- increases the potency;
- strengthens blood vessels;
- excellent antispasmodic for stone diseases of the kidneys and bladder;
- restores the body;
- causes restful sleep.
With the help of parsnip, many symptoms of diseases such as:
- stone kidney and bladder disease;
- nervous diseases;
- digestive system problems.
Such a rare skin disease, like vitiligo, is also treated by parsnips. The plant has analgesic and antimicrobial effect. This root is a wonderful tonic and prophylactic agent of multiple diseases.
Use of parsnip
The above root due to its excellent characteristics has been successfully used in many industries. Cookery, alternative medicine - among the many recipes of these categories is the plant parsnip. Its application here is as follows:
- as a fragrant spice for broths, soups, beer, side dishes;
- as the main vegetable with respect to low-calorie food;
- as a home remedy for various diseases (for example, a decoction of this root perfectly helps with coughing);
- as a feed crop for cows and pigs.
Also added to the preservation of vegetables is the plant parsnip. Using it when harvesting fruits for the winter is expressed in the use as a fragrant spice.
Planting plants at home
Pasternak is planted using the method of sowing seeds, which are quite large in size. Special rows are made, between which a distance of 40 cm should be maintained. In a line, seed from seed is planted at a distance of about 10 cm. In most cases, the necessary distance is provided later, when the seeds sprout, and they will be thinned.
An excellent time for planting is early spring. Seeds of this root crop are characterized by the following features:
- stand frost well;
- germinate within 20 days;
- love enough moist soil.
Poor germination is the main negative feature of parsnips.
This root is not very whimsical. Caring for the plant, it is important to remember the following recommendations:
- Shoots of parsnips need thinning and loosening of the soil.
- The plant prefers abundant watering only in dry weather. If it rained for some time, it is no longer necessary to water it, since an excessive amount of moisture is not at all desirable.
- This root crop does not attract pests, therefore it is not necessary to spray it with chemicals.
- Pasternak for a good harvest can be fed. As fertilizers, it is recommended to use biostimulants or special complexes.
Useful root can be obtained without much effort. It is important only to follow the above rules of plant care - and then it will please a rich harvest.
How to harvest parsnips?
Cleaning this root can be done in two ways:
- In late autumn, after all root crops, preferably in dry weather. The leaves are carefully cut, the root is dug out and dried. You need to store such a vegetable in dry cellars or in containers, sprinkled it with sand.
- In the autumn, cut the leaves, and the roots leave to overwinter and remove them from the field in early spring.
It is necessary to remember a few recommendations when choosing a parsnip:
- the whiter the root crop, the sweeter it is;
- it is desirable to choose only solid roots for cooking, without spoilage and spots, of not particularly large size, since in others the edible part is too veiny.
It is important to know that in no case should wild parsnip be eaten, as it is poisonous.
When preparing many dishes you can use parsnip. The plant, the recipes of which are simple, is used in most cases as an aromatic spice. It is added in the form of a hammer to homemade coffee, boiled on the basis of parsnip broths and soups. It blends well with other root vegetables, giving a refined taste, for example, stewed vegetables.
In England, parsnips cook festive dishes. For example, according to an old recipe, this plant must be fried in a dry frying pan on both sides. Then put it in a saucepan, pour boiling water and cook until ready. After this, make mashed potatoes. Serve it as a side dish for meat or fish.
Another, no less tasty, recipe involves frying parsnips, like potatoes. It needs to be peeled and cut into preferred slices and fried in olive oil. At the end of cooking add onions and tomatoes, salt. Tomatoes can be replaced by tomato juice. The dish turns out very tender, tasty and appetizing.
Also, this root, pre-moistened in olive oil, cooked on the grill.
From parsnip you can cook salads or mashed potatoes. There are many recipes, there would be a desire!
Contraindications to the use of parsnip
This root is strictly forbidden to be used for cooking or as a medicine for people with the following diseases:
- Skin inflammation - photodermatosis - is when the increased sensitivity of the skin to the sun's rays. The fact is that parsnip contains furocoumarins, which increase skin sensitivity to light.
- Individual intolerance.
Also this plant is contraindicated for people aged and young children.
Pasternak is a plant with excellent healing properties and taste. Grow it does not amount to special difficulties. But, applying it as a medicine, you must first consult with the doctor to avoid many difficult and unpleasant consequences.