Phlox: reproduction. Phlox: photo, landing, care
Perennial phloxes are garden flowers grown everywhere. They deserve such popularity due to their unpretentiousness, variety of colors, duration of flowering and just an extraordinary decorative effect.
Phlox have the most unusual shades. Compact and bright, they are an indispensable element in landscape design. Experts say that not all flowers have truly fabulous possibilities for decorating gardens and plots, but phloxes take a confident position on their list, which can be described in just two words: stunningly beautiful.
The genus of this flower has more than fifty species. Its homeland is North America. The name phloxes, the care of which is rather uncomplicated, received from the Greek the word “flame”. The reason for this was the bright red color of some subspecies.
Phloxes are perennials with erect stems ranging in length from ten to one hundred and fifty centimeters. The leaves have elongated, egg-shaped.Phlox, bloom which lasts all summer, there are all kinds of shades of white, pink, and red and blue. In some species, flowers are up to four centimeters in diameter and grow in paniculate and shield-like inflorescences.
Floxes today are among the most popular plants for flower beds. Gardeners prefer them due to not only lush flowering and amazing aroma, but also unpretentiousness and cold resistance.
Traditionally, they are grown in groups and used for slabocat and mixborders. Phloxes are suitable for any area, since there are both light-loving and shade-loving subspecies.
In addition, knowing the characteristics of different varieties, you can achieve their uninterrupted flowering in the garden, starting in spring and until the end of autumn. Phlox there are several subspecies:
- tall, reaching one hundred and eighty centimeters, with straight strong stems and paniculate inflorescences, blooming in late summer or early autumn: it is paniculate, smooth or spotted variety;
- undersized - loose shrubs growing up to half a meter in height with pubescent or smooth flowers and corymbose inflorescences, blooming in late spring: thick, adorable or hairy;
- creeping - with creeping stems, often pubescent, with evergreen leaves, collected in bunches, blooming in spring: these are styloid and dwarf varieties;
- ryhlodernovye - having both creeping non-flowering and flowering in May-June, for example, splayed phlox.
By combining such different subspecies, it is possible to ensure that the garden is incredibly bright and beautiful from spring to late autumn. Moreover, some phlox after deep pruning bloom again in late summer.
Phloxes are interesting for their amazing variety, even within a single subspecies. They can grow in the harsh conditions of distant Alaska, and in the southern regions, both in arid and humid climatic zones. Depending on where these plants are located, their appearance changes. For example, in European mountains, at an altitude of about four thousand meters, stunted bryophytes of phlox occur, which are propagated by seeds. Their creeping and branching stems are covered with evergreen leaves.
There are phlox, which grow in high compact bushes. At the same time, their rhizomes and lower parts of the stem hibernate excellently.
As a rule, gardens and household plots where phlox are planted, from the first decade of March to the end of May - the beginning of summer, are covered with solid carpets of white and pink, purple and crimson flowers with a tubular-funnel shape and five petals. The latter are bent at a right angle to the funnel and form a flat aureole of various shapes: wheel-shaped, star-shaped, fillet-shaped, deeply dispersed, saucer-shaped, etc.
Phlox flower has five stamens and one pistil. The color of the corolla is the most diverse: from pure white or white with eyes, dots, strokes to raspberry-purple and dark purple.
The brightest representatives
The awl form of phlox is mainly used for the decoration of stony hills or retaining walls. The most popular varieties are Emerald Blue, Wilson, Coral Eyes, Bavaria and Candy Stripe. Following the styloid, the remaining creeping subspecies begin to bloom. These include phlox: Douglas, forming low and evergreen pads with flowers inside, and Adorable, growing thick multi-colored tassels, located five centimeters above the leaves.
These phloxes, whose reproduction in the wild nature occurs exclusively by seeds, bloom in late May - early June. They can grow even on very poor soils, so they are most often used for compositions located near stairs, or in flower beds created in landscape style.
Spread, or loose, varieties
The most unpretentious phloxes, the care of which is minimized - is Canadian. They are so called due to the fact that they are most common in this country. The second name of the species is splayed. The best representatives of Canadian phlox are Montrose Tricolor, Blue Moon and Home Fires. They form beautiful compositions due to their blue inflorescences with a delicate violet scent.
Canadian phloxes, which bloom begins in late May and lasts for a month, have light purple, white, purple and purple inflorescences. They are also characterized by variegatedness. These phloxes, the reproduction of which is carried out in gardens by cutting, when flowering, leave patches behind them. Therefore, many experienced landscape designers near planting such plants that can cover them.The turf around Canadian phlox is always loose. It is very quickly filled with weeds, which periodically need to weed, not allowing them to grow into the rhizome.
Comparatively recently, a species called Caroline appeared in our country. It blooms in June. Today, only two varieties are represented in Russia: Mrs. Ligard, a hundred centimeters high and having elongated white inflorescences, and Bill Backer, blooming with carmine-pink hues and a bit like Canadian phloxes. The reproduction of these species in the wild takes place exclusively by seeds. Most often they are found in central Russia, where there is slightly acidic soil. They have medium-sized flowers and thin stems, so gardeners plant them next to more dense plants that can support them during wind and bad weather. These phloxes have one interesting property: if after the first flowering their shoots are cut off, they re-delight their owners with a riot of colors, but it is already late in the summer. Their best representatives are Baby Face, All-in-One and Early Star.
When to plant phlox
Landing is made in the spring or at the end of the summer.The distance between plants must be strictly observed - thirty or forty centimeters. When landscaping the area, phlox cuttings are planted with clumps. Not more than six pieces per square meter.
The soil for the summer-autumn planting is prepared in advance. By the time you need to plant phlox, it must have an adequate supply of moisture. If the weather is warm and there is no rain, then the area immediately before planting should be plentifully watered. After that, the soil should be loosened by cultivators to a depth of fifteen centimeters.
If the division of the bushes in the summer-autumn time was not carried out, then it can be done in the spring. Usually during this period, gardeners are engaged in planting particularly valuable varieties. This is explained by the fact that in the spring the bushes can be divided into smaller parts. At each planting material there should be at least one single vegetative kidney or an escape that has begun to grow, as well as a small number of roots.
How to plant phlox
Planting this plant requires a certain skill. When separating the parts on each need to straighten the existing roots. Delenka is planted in such a way that after compaction of the soil, the eyes are recessed into the ground no more than five centimeters. Otherwise, the plant will develop worse.And with a higher landing of the delenka, the base of its just developing stem with vegetative buds forming on it will be located at ground level and therefore may be damaged by winter frosts.
After planting, the plant should be poured abundantly, consuming about fifteen liters of water per square meter. After settling, the soil around the separated plants is mulched with peat or peat compost layer.
How to grow
Phloxes, the care of which is compensated by a stunningly beautiful flowering, can now be found in almost every garden. The first time after planting for uniform soil moisture should be monitored with special care. Only in this case, phlox will take root well. Care and reproduction by delenki, especially watering, feeding this garden crop - all these processes require special knowledge.
In phlox, the development of the root system and vegetative buds begins quite early. When the soil begins to thaw a little under the snow in the spring months, developing shoots are already visible. A significant part of thin, strongly branching roots is located in the upper layer of the earth, at a depth of from three to fifteen centimeters. Therefore, it is very important for phlox to have spring moisture in the soil.This can be achieved by loosening and cultivating the area after it dries. In addition, aeration of the soil around the soil compacted in autumn and winter is also improved in this way.
Phlox care, like other plants, is reduced to watering, loosening, weeding, fertilizing, and controlling pests and diseases.
Phloxes, the maintenance of which is, first of all, maintaining the required level of moisture, during the dry time, require watering of the soil at the rate of twenty liters per square meter as the land dries out. After that, the soil around it is necessary to loosen to remove the resulting crust. Experts consider sprinkling the best way, not irrigation with a hose, because the ground is washed off with a strong jet of water from the roots, and its upper layer is compacted.
Watering should be carried out in the afternoon, so that the moisture is absorbed into the soil, and not evaporated. In dry, warm autumn, phloxes prematurely stop growing, accumulate less nutrients, and go into hibernation for the winter hardening. In this season, the plants must be watered even after flowering.
These beautiful plants are very responsive to fertilizer.With good care and systematic feeding, they enhance their decorative characteristics. They increase in size inflorescences, bushes are made more powerful. Phloxes, the photos of which are pleasing to the eye, with proper care and periodically conducted dressings can grow in one place without transplants up to ten years.
Fertilizers must have a full range of nutrients necessary for this plant, each of which acts in its own way. Nitrate and ammonium sulphate stimulate the growth of phlox, the density and thickness of their leaves, increase the size of the inflorescences. Superphosphate accelerates seed ripening. Potash fertilizers make brighter coloring, increasing winter hardiness and resistance.
Diseases and pests
Phloxes, the reproduction of which must be carried out in such a way that the delenki have taken root, require certain preventive procedures aimed at controlling pests. Perennial slugs, earwigs, wireworms, caterpillars and spider mites cause great damage to perennial plants.
Of the diseases, phlox is most susceptible to septoria. Other fungal diseases are less common.
Perennial phloxes, especially paniculate varieties, are ideal for single plantings on the lawn surface. In this case, it is possible to use both one type and several. Phlox with different color and timing of flowering can give the most incredible visual effect.
Often they are planted next to such non-aggressive flowers like bell, rudbeckia, carnation or lihnis.
Often panicled varieties are grown for cutting. In this case, in order for phlox caps to be larger and more luxurious, it is necessary to leave no more than five or six central large peduncles on a bush.