Projects of houses made of aerated concrete. House with attic of aerated concrete
Modern technologies are aimed atmake the materials as durable as possible and meet all the requirements for thermal conductivity, hardness, durability and moisture resistance. Reducing the proportion of products, manufacturers increase the size of the block, which helps reduce the time for building a house.
In this case, we are talking about aerated concrete, whichhas all of the above characteristics, as well as a perfectly flat surface from all sides. It is quite easy to make walls from this material, even a beginning master can do it in the shortest possible time.
If you decide to build a private house, thenthe density of aerated concrete should be D 500, the thickness of the walls should be equivalent to 380 millimeters (if you do not intend to produce insulation). However, it is necessary to carry out external finishing works.
Before you start building a residential building,You must necessarily consider the projects of houses made of aerated concrete. They will be painted all the details, including, and a kind of foundation. The type of base to be chosen depending on many factors and aspects, among them one can distinguish a soil.
Aerated concrete is a fairly light material,so you can save on building a heavy foundation. It is possible to abandon a heavy recessed ribbon foundation or pile foundation by applying a slab foundation, since the baseplate has a huge supporting area and will be able to undergo structural loads. It will not be deepened, which will reduce the labor intensity and the volume of digging.
Technology of erection of the base
You can design houses from aerated concreteindependently, but most often modern developers trust this business professionals. In order to build the base, you need to dig a 30-centimeter trench, laying down a pillow of sand. As a basic condition is a ramming preparation.
Ideally, it is necessary to use a vibration plate, andthe next stage, you can lay all the communications according to the type of water supply and sewerage system. After carrying out these manipulations, you can make a strong screed made of concrete, which will protect the structure from damage. Next, formwork is being built up - side seams need to be protected with foam sheets for thermal insulation. After hardening of the cement screed, it is covered with a waterproofing layer. It is important to strengthen the future foundation by laying the framework out of the reinforcement. The distance between the elements of this system should not appear to be more than 40 centimeters. Only after this, you can start pouring concrete.
Installation of aerocrete blocks
Projects of houses made of aerated concrete are presented in the article. One of them you can borrow for your own construction. After the foundation is ready, you can start laying the walls using cement mortar. Seams should be formed in such a way that their thickness was equal to the limit of 3 to 5 millimeters. The application of the composition is made with a notched trowel. Due to the fact that the blocks are perfectly even, it will be easy to fit them. If necessary, cut the product, you need to use a Bulgarian or an ordinary saw. Aerated concrete can be easily processed, it can not only saw, but also cut, as well as planed.
Projects of houses made of aerated concrete quite oftenprovide for the presence of a second floor. In this case, you need to equip 2 armopoyas, the last of which will be based on slabs or lags. Formation of the first floor should be carried out brickwork, as for not too heavy and small houses. If we are talking about a spacious cottage, then armopoyas laid out with reinforcing bars. It will be enough to have only two bricks in height.
Formation of partitions and walls
If you are not sure of your abilities, then you canTo order houses from aerated concrete on a turn-key basis, projects thus will be prepared by experts. With independent construction, the thickness of the bearing walls is best limited to an index that is 380 millimeters. Internal partitions do not have to be made of aerated concrete blocks. On sale you can find special products, the thickness of which is 10 centimeters. It is important to remember that with lowering the density of the product, its heat-insulating qualities are higher.
Raising the attic
Before you start building, youprojects must be considered, and the construction of houses made of aerated concrete in this case guarantees to be successful. After the completion of the formation of the walls, you can proceed to erect a rafter frame. Initially, you need to lay and fix the Mauerlates around the perimeter of the house - for this you use a square beam with a side of 100 millimeters.
Then the frame for the room is installed,The racks will serve as a support for the rafter system. To do this, use a beam of a not so significant cross-section. Initially, it will be necessary to install vertical racks, which are located at the end and the beginning of construction. Their fastening is made to longitudinal beams by means of pressed steel corners and self-tapping screws. In order to facilitate the work on fixing, it is recommended to use a screwdriver. Further, a jumper is placed on top of the posts, which is then fixed.
The walls of the house made of aerated concrete can be madeas much as possible even and strong, as the quality of the attic floor will depend on this. Between the two arches, pull the cord, which should indicate the horizontal line. On a tight rope, you should mount arches, the distance between which is dictated by the method of installation of rafters. The arches are interconnected by bridges fixed by stamped corners. The latter can be replaced with nail plates.
If you are interested in cheap houses fromaerated concrete, the prices for which can vary from 10 000 to 13 000 rubles per square meter, then you can ask what firms in the modern market produce such buildings. If you decide to work on your own, then after assembling the frame, you need to start installing the rafters. The bar is trimmed to the required length for this, and the groove is cut at the base for mounting on the Mauerlat. The next step is fixing the upper rafters, the difficulty here is the need to observe a certain angle.
As you can see, you can build a house with a mansard of aerated concrete on your own.