Schengen countries. Features of the Schengen Agreement
History of the Schengen Agreement
The countries of the Schengen Agreement are the states that have entered into an agreement on the abolition of passport and visa control at the borders of certain countries of the European Union. It was originally signed on 06/14/1985. between the five European countries (the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Luxembourg and Germany).This agreement entered into force on March 26, 1995, and ceased to exist on May 1, 1999. It was replaced by the EU Schengen legislation. The Schengen countries, in addition to achieving the goals of the economic community, functioned according to the main direction of their activity - creating a common market, which implies defining four freedoms (movement of services, goods, capital and people). It was for these purposes that the creation of the Customs Union was made in 1958 with the simultaneous adoption of numerous other agreements.
The main purpose of the Schengen Agreement
However, the Schengen countries faced constraints in the freedom of movement of people. Despite the lack of the need for EU citizens to apply for visas to travel abroad, the preservation of passport control has contributed to the loss of time when crossing borders and during the issuance of relevant passports.For the implementation of the gradual abandonment of border control 14.06.1985g. on the ship "Princess Marie-Astrid" representatives of the same five countries signed an agreement called the nearest village Schengen. Initially, the countries of the Schengen zone agreed to such an agreement, since no consensus was reached between them on the abolition of border control. This document provided for the gradual replacement of passport control for tracking a visual way of movement of individual vehicles, which have the opportunity to not stop at the borders, but only to proceed at a reduced speed. The Schengen countries (1990) signed the Convention on the introduction and application of the agreement itself. The specified document provided for the creation of a special zonewith the absolute abolition of permanent passport control and a common visa policy for holders of passports of the standard sample. The agreement came into effect (1995) for seven countries. The participants listed above were added Portugal and Spain. Since May 1999, the Amsterdam Treaty, which amended the European Agreement, comes into force.The new members of the EU do not sign the Schengen Agreement as such, they are simply obliged to follow the rules outlined in this document and accept them entirely. Schengen countries have the full right to make proposals to the relevant legislation in the form of EU legislative procedures.
The modern Schengen zone consists of 25 European countries and is a state created for the implementation of international tourism with border control both at the entrance and exit from it, but with no border control inside.