Sights of Nalchik: photos and description of what to see, interesting facts and reviews of tourists
Nalchik - a city in southern Russia, is the capital of Kabardino-Balkaria. Refers to the cities of military glory. The settlement is located in the foothill zone of the republic. Through the land it flows the river of the same name Nalchik, as well as other rivers.
Basic information about the city
The foundation of the fortress of Nalchik was laid in the first half of the nineteenth century. According to some sources, this is the year 1818, and according to others, 1822. It is also believed that the first settlements in this area appeared in 1724. Still, the status of the city of Nalchik received in the first half of the XX century.
During the war, the town was occupied by the Germans for some time and for this reason was partially destroyed.In modern times in the central part of Nalchik is the Eternal Flame. It was erected in memory of those killed during the Great Patriotic War. Restoration of the city began immediately after the liberation. But unfortunately it was all sad. The peaceful life of citizens was darkened by tragic events. In March 1944, a program of forced deportation was implemented in Nalchik. Many were sent to perpetual exile in Kyrgyzstan, as well as Kazakhstan.
Later riots also occurred here. Fortunately, by the sixties, the city was almost restored. But the difficult times for Nalchik did not end there, during the collapse of the Soviet Union most of the enterprises did not work and were closed, and the city was in a very pitiable state. The turning point is 1997, since it was at this time that the fundamental improvement of Nalchik began.
The city's attractions
The capital of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic can please travelers with a large number of attractions. There is something to look at in Nalchik. Part of the architectural historical buildings is considered the real face of the city.
Monument "Forever with Russia"
This monument was opened to the 400th anniversary of the voluntary accession of a small republic in the Caucasus to the Russian Federation. The monument quickly became the hallmark of the locality.
The statue of Tsarina Maria Temryukovna (the second wife of Ivan the Terrible) is considered the central figure of the monument. Four bronze bas-reliefs are part of the monument. They reflect significant events in the history of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic. Including Kirov's appeal to the peasants, reception of ambassadors Ivan the Terrible and some others.
This park is named after the famous Kabardian prince Atazhukin. The garden is considered one of the main attractions of Nalchik. The structure of this territory includes more than two square kilometers of picturesque forest, there are artificial reservoirs. It also grows more than a hundred species of various plants, many of them exotic. Here you can find a spiny oak, as well as a Japanese quince.
The territory of the park is quite well-kept. Here you can see sculptures, benches, as well as beautiful gazebos. In 2000, the garden was recognized as the greenest and cleanest park in Russia.
The main concert venue, the capacity of the hall is not very large - 2500 people. Included in the number of architectural gems of the city of Nalchik. In this building several styles are mixed, including Byzantine, antique, and also Moorish. The building is decorated with beautiful colonnades and magnificent arches.
The audience hall is located in the open air and has the shape of an amphitheater, made in the classical style. According to tourists, in the Green Theater you can not only watch the performances of artists, but also plunge into the most beautiful and unique atmosphere.
Republican Parliament Building
The mansion of the republican parliament has a rather majestic appearance. It is located in the central part of the city - on Lenin Avenue. This landmark of Nalchik was built in the twentieth century and has been repeatedly reconstructed.
The building was erected in the first half of the twentieth century. As you know, one of the monuments of architecture in Nalchik, which is well deserved. The Republican Parliament is a vivid example of neoclassicism in the architecture of the city. There are also elements of eclecticism.The facades of the building are painted white. According to reviews of excursions in Nalchik, this attraction is one of the most memorable.
Railway station building
As is known, the railway communication between Nalchik and other cities was established in the first half of the twentieth century. At the same time the station was built here. Unfortunately, during the Great Patriotic War, he was subject to numerous attacks, bombs were constantly falling here. For this reason, the building was practically destroyed, and after the war it was erected, one might say, from scratch.
Since then, the building of the railway station, made in the Empire style, has become the hallmark of Nalchik. The new building has a massive dome, in addition to the portico, the main entrance is supported by majestic columns. According to reviews, the building looks fascinating and elegant.
Stela "City of Military Glory"
As you know, in 2010, the city of Nalchik was awarded the honorary title "City of Military Glory". After 5 years, the authorities decided to open an interesting monument in the Nut Park. At the time of the opening of the monument, veterans of the Great Patriotic War, as well as other participants of this momentous event, released seventy white doves into the sky.
The column is located on a stepped base. The top of the stele is decorated with a gilded two-headed eagle.
This landmark of Nalchik is considered by tourists as one of the most colorful. Many travelers visiting this city, first of all go to be photographed to this architectural monument. Thinking about what to see in Nalchik, be sure to turn on this amazing fountain in the list of sights. He appeared here in 2010. There are four elephants around the beautiful pool. Walk past this elegant monument of the city of Nalchik is impossible.
National Museum of Kabardino-Balkaria
This museum was founded in 1921. The funds of the institution, there are more than one hundred thousand different exhibits. Most of them are represented in this museum of the city of Nalchik.
Having been here, you can find out how unique and rich is the authentic culture and way of life of the people who lived here.
The largest part of the exhibits is devoted to the various stages of the formation of the republic, as well as the period of the Great Patriotic War. There is a huge collection of archaeological artifacts, as well as objects of art.