Stove with water heater with fireplace: reviews
Today, country houses are often used not only in a warm period of time, but also in cold winters, which means that the room should be warm enough. To ensure effective heating of housing, many owners are trying to connect a water circuit to the stove or fireplace, as not every house has centralized heating. That is why it is becoming increasingly popular stove with a water heating circuit. The use of coolant provides rapid heating of the room, and the presence in most of these models of the glass door also allows you to admire open fire.
Stove with water heating with fireplace
In fact, it is the same fireplace, but pipes are installed in its firebox along the walls, which are connected to the water heating system of the entire room. To determine the temperature of the coolant in the design of the sensors are installed.
Air access to the firebox, as a rule, is regulated manually.A fireplace stove with a hot-water boiler can be lined with various materials, making the device an attractive appearance. In some designs, a hob is sometimes provided, which also allows cooking.
A stove with a water heating circuit is used in private homes, cottages, summer houses and is characterized by ease of use, a fairly high level of security, even though the fuel is firewood. Such designs can have a very attractive appearance, which greatly improves the impression of these devices.
Due to its many advantages, the demand for these structures is quite high, especially for those that have a hob. They are especially effective and popular in those regions where there are problems with the supply of electricity and there is no gas.
In summer, these devices can be used to heat water for household needs. Due to the fact that stoves have high heat dissipation, they significantly reduce energy costs.
Such equipment can be made with your own hands and with the purpose of decorating, ennoble the interior, and in cold evenings to admire lively fire.
Benefits (user reviews)
Among the main advantages of use in the homes of this heating equipment, homeowners identified:
- the relatively low cost of this design compared to traditional types of boilers;
- creating a unique cozy atmosphere in the room;
- fairly fast warming up at home;
- full compatibility with the systems of heating already commissioned;
- the ability to install equipment almost anywhere, the only installation requirement is to comply with the fire safety regulations;
- Erected stove - a fireplace not only heats a large area, but is also a stylish solution in room design
- the fireplace with a water jacket is simple to use and completely autonomous;
- A water-heated stove with a fireplace operates on an affordable and affordable type of fuel.
As already mentioned earlier, the design of the device may have an addition that allows to perform heating and cooking functions. The dishes cooked on such a stove have a special taste, clearly superior to the taste of food, which is created on classical (gas or electric) surfaces.Therefore, the presence of heating and cooking functions - a very advantageous advantage of such devices.
It is possible to revet the equipment practically with everything.
As with any design, a water fireplace has not only positive, but also negative sides:
- The design has a relatively low efficiency, compared with more efficient heating options, so in very cold regions it makes no sense to install it. In this case it is necessary to combine with several systems of heating.
- Water stoves have insufficient automation.
Despite the listed disadvantages, the furnace-fireplace with a water heating circuit receives mostly positive feedback.
The furnace fireplace happens two types:
1. Finished equipment with a transparent furnace door and a heat exchanger provided for connection to the heating system.
2. A device having a base in the form of a fireplace insert. There is a water circuit heat exchanger.
Each species is characterized by individual features.
Finished metal equipment
Such a stove with water heating with a fireplace is bought in a ready-to-use form.It is only necessary to install it in a suitable place, connect it to the water heating and remove the chimney.
Compared with the device of solid fuel boilers, this design has an obvious advantage. The equipment is not only capable of raising the temperature of the coolant, but it also heats up itself, warming up the room, respectively. And the presence in the construction of a transparent door creates the feeling of being in the house of a fireplace with water heating.
There are other advantages to this design. A big plus of the furnace with a water circuit is that it is possible to dismantle it, transfer it from place to place.
There are several options for such equipment:
- steel furnaces;
- cast iron;
- devices with tile trim.
Cast iron stove with a water heating circuit, according to user feedback, is more durable than steel, well retains heat. Cast iron options are more available.
Fireplaces with a water jacket, decorated with tiles, are able to keep warm even longer, and at the same time they look much more attractive and can decorate the interior of the house. The only drawback users called high cost,especially branded devices. And models from unverified manufacturers cannot give guaranteed reliability.
Fireplace stoves with the base in the form of a fireplace insert
Such a device looks similar to a fireplace in a classic design, but with a more complex structure, which allows a significant increase in efficiency.
There are two types of fireboxes of this kind:
The device has a heat exchanger. It allows you to transfer the energy received from the furnace during the combustion of fuel in the heating system with a coolant.
In the case there is a fire chamber.
This design, according to reviews, has the following advantages:
- Quite an attractive appearance. The equipment resembles a classic fireplace and adds solidity to the room.
- The furnace of this furnace is much cheaper than the finished device, and you can make a brick case with your own hands.
- The size of a metal fire chamber completely corresponds to dimensions of fireplaces of a classical sample.
There are also disadvantages:
- For the installation of such a device requires a reliable base.
- Equipment is not transportable. In order to move it, you will need to disassemble the masonry.
- Efficiency is lower than that of finished devices.
- For placement you need a lot of space.
Fireplace stove with water heating do it yourself
The furnace fireplace is made only of strong materials, such as a brick or steel which thickness - from 3 mm.
At the first stage of construction, a working drawing is prepared. First of all, the place of future installation of the stove is chosen and the necessary measurements are taken. Then the basic dimensions of the structure are calculated and transferred to the graphic part.
When the drawing is ready, a marking is carried out on which the foundation will be arranged. A rectangular-shaped excavation pit has a depth of no more than 0.5 m. Rubble or brick chips are poured at the bottom of the pit. A layer of cement mortar is poured in, checked using a horizontal level. 2 or 3 layers of roofing felt, which works as a hydroinsulator and helps to eliminate the effect of moisture, are laid on the fully dried cement.
Pig-iron equipment is considered reliable, but the most safe are precisely stoves made of brick with water heating. The main element of this design is the coolant (heat exchanger).The main element is installed in the firebox and is connected to the heating system. Steel or hollow metal pipes can be used as the base material.
The water circuit itself includes the following elements:
- metal or bimetallic pipes;
- special expansion tank.
The principle of operation of this design is as follows: water is heated in a heat exchanger and through pipes enters the radiators installed throughout the room. When the water cools, it returns to the heat exchanger.
In order to independently manufacture a stove with water heating with a fireplace, one should prepare the following tools and materials: welding machine, hammer, grinding machine, trowel, fasteners, drill and cement mortar. At such a fireplace, brickwork should have several compartments: for igniting fuel, for collecting ashes and for placing coolant. During the construction of the device in the brickwork, a conclusion is made for the chimney and pipes along which the heat carrier will move.
The main stages of installation
Laid out the fireplace stove for a house with water heating from refractory bricks. The first two rows of masonry should be solid, then a small niche for the ash pan is made.Next is the laying of the ceiling, which is used under the grate. In front of the stove it is necessary to leave space under the door, which is called the blower.
After the ash pan, the grate and the firebox can be laid. There is also room for door installation. After finishing work on the firebox, pipes and a coil are sewn into the masonry. The uppermost overlap is made of brick or a thick slab (cast iron or steel). Chimney out through the roof. When working, observe the rules of fire safety: the metal pipe must be completely isolated from all ceilings capable of igniting.
After completion of the brickwork, the installation of a water heating system is started. If necessary, a special circulating pump and measuring instruments can be installed in the system. Connect the pipelines leading from the fireplace to the radiators.
The radiators in the room are hung under the window on the brackets, then pipes are brought to the batteries. The dimensions of the installed radiator are calculated based on the subwindow space:
- the minimum distance from the floor is 10–15 cm;
- from the wall - at least 3 cm;
- from the window sill - 10 cm.
Installation of radiators should be carried out in a certain sequence, since only this way their uninterrupted work can be ensured. To do this, mark the places on the wall where the future brackets will be located. Then holes are drilled using this marking. The brackets are attached to the wall strictly vertically, this is checked with the help of the usual construction level. Before you hang a radiator on the wall, you need to assemble all the taps according to the existing scheme. At the final stage, the installation of the inlet and outlet pipes is performed.
Be sure to at the entrance and exit should install temperature sensors, regulating, locking accessories, which allows to block the movement of water. It is also necessary to install an expansion tank, which is needed in case water boils in the system.