Talk show - is that? Features of "conversational" transmission
Modern ether is replete with varioustelevision shows. All of them are devoted to pressing issues, acute problems, discussion of news of politics, culture, medicine, novelties of technologies. On the example of individual television programs, we try to answer the main question: talk-show is what?
History of birth
Officially the first talk show appeared in 1967 inAmerica. Famous TV host Phil Donahue invited to his program the next guest. During the transfer from the host ended the questions to him, and to quickly get out of the situation, Phil invited the audience to help. To the great surprise of all those present, the viewers had more questions than the presenter. By virtue of this, it can be said that talk shows are, above all, a conversation program. Subsequently, this genre of television transmission has become very popular in the States.
Appearance in Russia
The talk show did not bypass our country. It is believed that Ivan Demidov introduced this concept for the first time. Well-known TV presenter in the early 90's created several successful programs: "MuzOboz", "OSP-studio", "Territory TV-6." By the way, some of Demidov's programs are popular and to this day - among those can be called "Road Wars" and "Disasters of the Week". As for the talk show, modern programs of this direction have different genres and formats. In particular, among them is a talk show female, designed solely for the female audience and played out relevant topics relating to the beautiful half of humanity, family, relationships, love, betrayals. One of the first and most popular women's shows is "I myself". Her lead for many years was Julia Menshova. Now the actress again returned to the role of the presenter - on the First Channel her program "Alone with Everyone" comes out.
Features and meaning of the word "talk show"
In such telecasts, which, as a rule, appear oncentral channels, in addition to the leading (leading), involved several people. Each new issue is devoted to a separate topic, which is developed by editors. All guests of the program are discussing, often growing into a discussion. People in the studio remain not just invited indifferent spectators, sometimes they are allowed to express their opinion or ask a question of interest. If you refer to the literal notation from English talk ("current") is translated as "talking". Hence the main perception of the talk show is a show in which "talk."
Classic transmission features
According to experts, talk shows can be presented inthe form of a triangle. Its leader is always the leader. Without his participation, the transfer will turn into a gathering of guests, between which it is difficult to achieve harmony. As a rule, the participants of the discussion behave extremely emotionally, especially if the topic is serious enough or dramatic. Often they start fights with each other. In such cases, guards are on duty behind the scenes. On the leader's shoulders lies the responsibility to maintain order in the studio, give the floor for the speech, and sometimes create the necessary atmosphere, including the pumping atmosphere.
The talk show displays journalistic and stagereceptions. Some experts who study this genre of television programs consider it necessary to have humor. Each of the participants performing a certain role (guests, spectators) should be able to laugh at themselves and problems, which gives not only a color to the program, but also discharges the atmosphere.
Thus, in the generalized sense, a talk show isany "conversational" transfer. It can be filmed in a studio with a large number of guests and spectators, or it can be limited to a conversation at a round table, or a simple interview with the lead (journalist) and the interviewee (musician, actor, athlete, common citizen, etc.).
You can not see, just hear
The talk show is not only televisioncharacter, where the necessary condition is the ability to observe what is happening through translation. Such programs occupy a leading place among the most common genres. For those who do not have the opportunity to "see", are conducted on the radio talk show. As a rule, they are loved by motorists who listen to radio broadcasts while they are driving their vehicle. The latter also explore a specific topic, invite guests who are actively engaged in discussions. Among such programs, for example, talk show "Kitchen" on Radio "New Life", or the author's transfer of Seeds Seagull "Sex and the City."
Known talk shows that were popular a few years ago or currently in operation include:
- "Let them talk" is the most rated transmission of the First Channel, the presenter is Andrey Malakhov.
- "Windows" - a scandalous talk show with the exposure of the characters of the broadcast, coming out on the channel TNT.
- "1000 trifles" - took the air of the channel "Russia-1" during 2011-2013.
- "Live" - a public talk show of the same channel. On air since 2011. The hosts are Mikhail Zelensky, Boris Korchevnikov.
- "School of cursing" - the longest-running talk show Avdotya Smirnova and Tatiana Tolstoy. It was aired during 2002-2014 on the channels "Culture" and NTV.
- American talk show Oprah Winfrey, Ellen Lee Degeneres, Jerry Springer, Larry King and other show business figures.