Tell you how to plant an orchid at home. Division of rhizomes, cuttings and rooting of airborne children
It is believed that one of the most demanding andWhimsical in matters of growing a flower is an orchid. Despite this, the popularity of the magnificent plant grows every day because of its lush, abundant, bright flowering.So far, only a few florists and amateursphalaenopsis, cymbidium and cattleya know how to plant an orchid at home correctly. There are several ways to reproduce these indoor flowers, which we will discuss in the article.
How to breed an orchid at home by dividing the rhizome?
The most convenient, simple and at the same timeAn effective method of reproduction is the vegetative method, implying the division of the rhizome of the mother plant into parts. The specimens obtained during division are well received, quickly gain mass and blossom after a short period of time. Moreover, it is also wonderful that new orchids are obtained equal in genetic terms to the mother flower. This type of reproduction is suitable for orchids with a sympodial growth form, for example, Cattleya, Lelia, dendrobium, oncidium, miltonia and other representatives of this group.In order to correctly produce division,choose an adult well-grown, strong plant. The operation is performed in early spring. How to grow an orchid at home? It is carefully pulled out of the pot and the roots are cleaned of the old substrate. Take a sharp knife, disinfect it and then cut through the rhizome right through, between the false bulbs. All sections of the sections are treated with crushed charcoal, which helps prevent the development of diseases and decay of roots. The resulting fragments of orchids are planted in new containers and carefully care for the children. Tip: if you see that the young plant is weakened, you can place it for a while in an insulator with high humidity or cover with a cellophane bag.
How to breed an orchid at home by dividing the stem?
In addition to dividing the rhizome, at homeit is easy to multiply your favorite orchid and the division of the stem - that is, cuttings. This method of vegetative breeding is suitable for monopodial fast-growing orchids (vanda, dendrobium, etc.). In order to get good cuttings, it is necessary to carefully cut off the upper part of the stem and place it in a prepared nutrient substrate. The main thing - do not put the twig vertically, you just need to put it on the moss. Only after the appearance of rootlets can the stalk be placed vertically into the seeding container. In addition to the rooting of the stem, you can try to make its withdrawal. To do this, choose the longest stem of the orchid, bend it to a nearby standing pot, filled with a good soil mixture, and strengthen. After a while, the stem will give roots, and it can be separated from the mother liquor.
We learn how to breed orchids at home by children
Another simple method of reproduction of orchidsis the rooting of lateral shoots - children. This is how phalaenopsis is bred. In order for babies to appear on the orchid, it is placed in a damp warm place, often sprinkled and fed with nitrogen fertilizers. With due care, the children will necessarily grow and gradually grow stronger. After that they can be cut off from the mother plant and transplanted into separate pots. Do not forget about the processing of places with slices of charcoal powder. In fact, there are no special difficulties in breeding by side shoots, the main thing is to take care of the plant thoroughly. A young orchid after planting it is desirable to place in a greenhouse and maintain high humidity (from 80% and above). Now you know how to plant phalaenopsis orchids.