TFR "quick-witted": description, characteristics and interesting facts
TFR "quick-witted" - the patrol ship of the project 61. Started on duty in 1969, based in Sevastopol (Republic of Crimea). Its task is to patrol the sea, the search and liquidation of underwater vehicles, including the submarine.
Prerequisites for creating
In the 1950s, the US Navy received at its disposal unique submarines for that time, capable of carrying long-range nuclear missiles. For their detection and destruction, ships of the 61st project were developed, including the Tactical Cruise missile.
Originally, combat ships were intended for operations in the Barents and Norwegian Seas, where NATO submarines were on duty. However, after the settlement of the Caribbean crisis, the United States withdrew its strategic bases from Turkey, instead sending to the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea City Killer (City Killer) submarines with Polaris missiles on board.Their strike power was sufficient to destroy most of the major cities and industrial centers of the European part of the USSR, including in the Urals. The command was forced to respond to the new threat, sending the newest TFR of the 61st project to the Black Sea Fleet. Later, "Sharp-witted" was part of the fifth squadron of the USSR, patrolling in the Mediterranean.
The patrol ship "Sharp-witted" with tail number 537 (the first commander - L. A. Makarov, captain of the 3rd rank) raised the flag on July 15, 1969, and arrived in Sevastopol on October 5. He was enlisted in the Red Banner Black Sea Fleet on 10/21/1969, and on November 25, after testing and passing course tasks, he was included in ships of the 1st alert line.
The ship in 1971 was in the Mediterranean for 60 days in combat service. In April-May 1972, a remote control station (TLU) of Rear Admiral L. Ya. Vasyukov, who commanded the 30th surface ships division, was deployed on a large anti-submarine ship "Sharp-witted". As a result of a search carried out as part of the CPAG, a foreign submarine was found, contact with which was continuously maintained by ships and helicopters for 29 hours and 15 minutes.In mid-April 1972, the military industrial complex, under the authority of Captain 1st Rank V. Kapitantsa, made an entry into the port of Casablanca.
On March 6-12, 1973, the Latakia port (Syria) visited with a group of ships of the TFR “Sharp”. From October 4 to November 26, 1973, he was in a combat area in the Middle East, escorting Soviet and Bulgarian transports. Being a part of the KUG-5 together with the Murmansk cruiser, the TFR monitored in readiness for destruction in the event of the outbreak of hostilities behind the US Navy aircraft carrier unit led by the aircraft carrier CVA 42 "Franklin D. Roosevelt".
From September 26 to October 1, 1973, the military industrial complex as part of a detachment of warships flying the flag of Admiral V. Sysoyev made calls at the port of Split (Yugoslavia), from August 9 to 13, 1974 - to Varna (Bulgaria), and from June 26 to July 1 1980 - in Tunisia. 08/30/1974 "Sharp-witted" assisted the emergency military-industrial complex "Brave".
In 1981, the military-industrial complex "Smetlivy" (aircraft number 745) participated in a demonstration exercise on the automated control of the dowry and naval aviation forces from the FKP to the Kiev "TAKR". Before being put into repair and modernization, the ship participated in ten major exercises and performed twelve combat services, leaving astern more than 320,000 miles.
Under the flag of Russia
After the division of the USSR, the TFR “Sharp-witted” No. 870 fell under the jurisdiction of the Russian fleet. In 1998, he supported peacekeepers in Abkhazia, acting as a communications repeater. The ship has repeatedly participated in major international exercises. In 2008, he was involved during the Ossetian conflict. Since the beginning of the operation to assist the Syrian Republic is an important part of the anti-submarine defense in the protection of the navy in the Mediterranean Sea.
During the period of the scheduled repairs carried out at Sevmorzavod in 1976-1977, the missile armament was modernized on the ship and the irrigation system of the “Karat-M” cellars was installed. 02/19/1987 the patrol ship "Sharp-witted" (ship number 717) was delivered to the SMZ named after Ordzhonikidze for the modernization of the project 01090.
The work dragged on until 1995. As a result, guides were mounted on the site of the bomb-series of the RBU-1000 series, allowing to install the Uran anti-ship complex with X-35 subsonic missiles. The helipad was removed. Instead of the aft artillery installation ineffective in the conditions of modern combat, the Kayra MNC-300 system was installed to facilitate the detection of submarines.An important component of steel are the jamming systems of the PK-16 and PK-10 series, as well as new radars. In 2010, gas turbine power plant No. 3 was replaced.
The fully welded hull of the ship "Sharpy" (Russia) is equipped with 14 bulkheads and, accordingly, 15 compartments. The survivability of the vessel is quite high: even after the flooding of three adjacent compartments, it will remain afloat and will be able to solve combat missions. For the characteristic rapid silhouette and streamlined shape, the entire 61st series received the unofficial name "duck".
The location of the rooms on the TFR is traditional for ships of the USSR times, with the exception of the KP ship control, the GEM, officers' cabins, corridors and the team’s first-time dining project. A feature of it was the ability to accommodate up to two-thirds of military service personnel at a time for meals. At the same time, in accordance with the requirements of anti-nuclear protection, cabins and cockpits did not have portholes, which, combined with the lack of air conditioning and poor ventilation of the rooms, as well as constant noise from operating gas turbines worsened the habitability conditions even in comparison with ships of previous projects.
TFR "quick-witted" (Russia) has the following characteristics:
- The length of the wake line - 132 m, maximum - 144 m.
- The width of the wake line - 14 m, maximum - 15.8 m.
- Side height: 8.1 m (amidships) - 13.2 m (at the stem).
- Displacement: 4315 t (full); 3890 t (normal); 3465 t (standard).
- Draft (depending on displacement): 4.47 m; 4.18 m; 3.88 m.
For the 61st series, a two-shaft GEM was adopted as part of two autonomous main turbo-gear units (GTZA) of class M-3, having a capacity of 36,000 liters per shaft. from. GTZA are placed in two compartments in autonomous echelons. Each echelon includes one all-mode GTZA M-3, a reversible single-speed mating reducer, two gas turbine GTU-6 and one diesel generator. The gearbox allows you to reverse the propeller from front full speed to reverse full speed (and back). The development and manufacture of a gas turbine unit was carried out by the Zatya YUTZ in Nikolaev.
The total capacity of power plants is 72,000 liters. from. Its advantages:
- less weight;
- high maneuverability (the ability to quickly start and gain power),
- high automation.
To preserve the high efficiency of the installation, each turbine has its own flue (pipe), hence the presence of four pipes on the ship at once. Above the deck, they are all arranged in pairs, V-shaped, across the ship in the plane of the frames, with an inclination to the sides.
The use of GTU on the ship, one of the features of which is a high level of noise, required the implementation of a number of constructive measures to reduce noise. So, even a noise reduction system was specially designed and installed in the air intake mines.
Constructively provided for the possibility of producing in a short time aggregate repair of gas turbines and the replacement of gas turbine engines. During the design, the dimensions of the flue pipes were chosen both on the basis of a decrease in the temperature of the exhaust gases in the casings, and the ability to quickly replace the GTSA M-3 and GTU-6 assembly through them, without dismantling the adjacent equipment and opening the ship structures. The aggregate replacement of individual elements of the CCD could also be carried out just as easily, thereby greatly facilitating repairs even by personnel.
Management and navigation
Navigation instruments include:
- UKRP-MZ magnetic compass, Kurs-5 gyrocompass, 18 gyrocompass repeaters;
- trackograph, track-1 autoplayer;
- MGL-50 log with a stick device, NEL-5 echo sounder;
- ARP-50 radio direction finder;
- KI-55 signal indicator, KPI-ZM receiving and indicating device, KPF-1 phase receiving indicator.
Artillery armament is the installation of the AK-726 series. It has two twin barrel under 76-mm projectiles. The ammunition is 1200 shots, the rate of fire - 90-107 V / m. Initially, the TFR "Sharp-witted" carried two guns, but later the stern unit was dismantled, replacing it with a non-acoustic complex to search for the MNK-300 submarines. The development of AU was started in 1954 under the leadership of designer P. A. Tyurin. The armament of the Soviet Navy AK-726 was adopted in 1964, becoming one of the most common naval artillery systems.
The missile armament of the “Smart” missile consists of “Volna-N” launchers (2x2) and “Uranus” (2x4) launchers. The first is an analogue of the ground-based air defense system S-125, developed at the junction of the 50-60s. Subsequently, it was upgraded to the Zur V-601M. "Uranium" is a more modern development: the installation allows you to shoot powerful anti-ship missiles X-35U.Flying at a minimum distance above water (which makes it difficult to detect and destroy it), a successful missile can significantly damage and even destroy vessels with a displacement of up to 5,000 tons.
Anti-submarine weapons include jet bombs of class RBU-6000. They allow for the destruction of submarines to use anti-submarine missiles 90P and depth charges of the RSL 60. Their ammunition is 192 units.
The five-tube torpedo tube installation of the PTA-5361 series is designed to use 533-mm torpedoes of two types:
- electric anti-submarine SET-65;
- combined-cycle anti-ship 53-65K.
Initially, a helipad (which was later dismantled) was located at the stern of “Sharp-witted”. The Ka-52 series shipborne helicopters were an important part of the submarine detection and elimination system. Their main weapons were torpedoes of the AT-1 / 1M class with a self-guided mechanism with an explosive mass of 70 kg. They had the opportunity to re-search the target in case of loss of contact with it.
Also helicopter pilots could drop depth bombs of various types. The Ka-25 was also armed with an atomic GB of the mark RY-2-2.She was taken to the aft cellar of aviation ammunition. These bombs were stored in special warehouses in the urban-type settlement Shchebetovka near Feodosiya and were delivered to the 12th berth in Sevastopol just before the release of the BOD to combat service.
Although the 61-series “patrolman” has been pedigree since the 60s and is considered obsolete, after a series of upgrades it is able to effectively perform its immediate task - to detect and, if possible, destroy the submarine of a potential enemy. Based TFR "quick-witted" number 870 in the city of Sevastopol. He participated in a number of peacekeeping missions and today performs official tasks in the Black and Mediterranean seas.