Thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities: treatment, causes and symptoms

thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities treatmentThrombophlebitis of the lower extremities: treatment, causes and symptoms

Most often, this disease develops as a result of varicose veins. The latter can be the result of physical inactivity, pregnancy, heart failure. In patients with pathologies of blood clotting, thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities may also develop. The treatment of damage to the venous walls, which was not crowned with success, may also be complicated by a similar pathology. What is this disease? Thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities, the treatment and prevention of which interests many middle-aged women, is an inflammation of the walls of the vessels responsible for the outflow of blood. As a result, a blood clot is formed. This is not only an aesthetic problem. Causes include lesions of peripheral nerve tissue, infections, autoimmune diseases, tumors, endocrine imbalances, and unsuccessful recovery in the postoperative period.However, varicose veins and pregnancy are the most common predisposing factors.

 thrombophlebitis of the legsThrombophlebitis of the lower extremities: treatment

It depends to some extent on the etiology of the disease, most often it develops in the superficial veins. The patient has pain in the skin over the affected vessel, there is redness, swelling, often this process is accompanied by a feeling of heat. The temperature can rise to thirty-eight degrees, although this is not a mandatory symptom. Subsequently, the entire affected limb swells, it makes walking difficult, inflamed veins with blood clots begin to be felt through the skin. Diagnosis of the disease is most often visual, methods such as rheovasography (non-invasive method based on the study of blood circulation) and Doppler sonography are also used. Their essence is to track the blood flow in the affected vessels and to give a comprehensive assessment of the state of the walls. It is very important to see the blood clots, to describe their location and to assume how long they exist. The length of a blood clot is determined only by ultrasound. Complete blood count is a clarifying value for diagnosis.
lower limb thrombophlebitis

Thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities and their treatment - prompt and conservative

Patients with this pathology are placed in the hospital if there is a threat of damage to the deep veins (this is the next stage after the surface ones are affected). In this case, surgical treatment is indicated. In other cases, thrombophlebitis of the legs is treated using conservative methods. This therapy has two objectives: eliminates inflammation in the vessels and reduces blood clotting. Bed rest is not prescribed, because with thrombophlebitis it is very important to maintain normal activity and move daily. After all, the movement is directly related to good blood flow in the legs. Therefore, when you resist hypodynamia, you also impede the further growth of blood clots. In order to relieve pain, apply creams, ointments, wear elastic bandages and special medical knitwear. It also helps to apply cold to the feet. Of the drugs prescribed enzyme, anti-inflammatory and antithrombotic drugs.

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