Tulips: care after flowering. When to dig tulip bulbs?
With the first rays of the sun, the first green leaves appear on our garden plot; tulips come out from under the snow. Very soon they will release their flower stalks, and gentle, beautiful heads will appear on them. Despite the fact that the flowering lasts for a very short time, literally in a few days the beautiful petals will wither, every gardener will plant luxurious tulips on his plot. This flower tells us about the approach of spring, being the first sign on the flowerbed. Moreover, today there is such an abundance of varieties that your garden will never become dull if tulips are growing in the flower beds. Leaving after flowering is the topic of our conversation today.
Tulip care during flowering
Tulips have a short growing season, but in order for the bulb to winter well, it is necessary to give it the opportunity to bloom. It is bad conditions (soil, watering) that cause the bulb to release green leaves and peduncle late, or not bloom at all.If you want to grow beautiful tulips next year, care after flowering should involve culling those bulbs that did not have time to bloom.
So, care for plants in the spring and summer. It includes mandatory regular watering. Plants during growth need a lot of moisture. In this case, watering with a hose is ineffective; deep furrows work much better, which are made along the flower bed and filled with water. At each watering it is necessary to consume at least 40 liters of water per square meter.
It must be remembered and how responsive to the introduction of nutrients tulips. Leaving after flowering does not imply the introduction of additional feedings, it must be done in the phase of active growth. Together with irrigation in the spring, it is necessary to apply mineral fertilizers 2-3 times, they are poured between rows, and then mixed with the soil at the time of loosening.
How to save bulbs
So, we fulfilled all the recommendations, as a result we gave our tulips lush bushes and magnificent flowers. Leaving after flowering is now required a minimum. Almost immediately after the end of flowering, the leaves dry up, now the bulb itself grows, develops, and a new flower is formed in it.During this period, we must continue to remove weeds and loosen the soil. The most favorable period for the aging of the bulbs will be long hot weather. If the summer is very rainy and cold, then after flowering it is recommended to cover the garden bed with a film so as not to cause the bulbs to rot and the roots die. After the plants have faded, they look sloppy. Therefore, forming a flower bed, provide for the presence of bright annuals that will close the bushes. It is not recommended to cut the leaves early, it is still needed.
Early digging of bulbs
Indeed, the question of when to dig out tulips after flowering is very important. If tulips are planted in groups with other perennials that hide them after flowering, then you can not dig them out for two or three years. In this case, focus primarily on the state of their plants, the activity of their flowering. Consider that the early digging of the bulbs leads to their grinding, that is, removing them immediately after flowering, you can be sure that the bulb will not bloom luxuriously next year, as it will not have enough resources for this. However, there are cases when it is necessary to dig out tulips after flowering. This is important if they spoil the appearance of the flowerbed.To do this, prepare a small bed or large boxes, slightly shaded from the sun's rays, fill them with soil and there are transferred to the bushes of tulips, dug out with a large lump of earth.
Summer bulbs digging
We continue to consider tulips after flowering. What to do when the leaves of the plants are completely dried up? At this particular time it is necessary to remove the bulbs for the winter. In the northern and middle zone, the harvesting of the bulbs is done from mid-July until the first days of August. In the southern hot regions this may be the beginning of July. Need to focus on the vegetative part. As soon as it dries completely, it's time to dig out.
With the help of a pitchfork or bayonet spade, you carefully dug up all the tulips after flowering. What to do next? Do I need to dry them in the sun or soak them in disinfectant solutions? Let's try to understand more. Indeed, they need to be dried, but not in the sun, but in the shade, it is advisable to choose a room where it is never too hot that the scales do not crack. No less harmful and excess moisture. Approximately 20 days will be required to dry, with a temperature of about 20 degrees desirable.If it is less than +5, the bulb will not bloom next year.
After about three weeks, it is necessary to sort out the tulips. When digging the bulbs, we have already told, now let's define the criterion by which healthy seed is selected. Separate nests will need to be divided into large bulbs and small children. Moreover, large ones are used for planting in a flower bed, and small ones are planted separately for rearing. It is necessary to discard all damaged bulbs, as well as those that have signs of disease.
The summer is over, the tulips have bloomed, and, therefore, the bulbs are determined to be stored until spring heat. In the first storage period, the temperature should be at least 15 degrees, the humidity of the air - 70%. Gradually, the temperature decreases, by the time the bulbs are planted in the ground it should be no higher than 13 degrees. This hardening and simultaneous ripening of the bulb. During storage, the bulbs are placed in a thin layer on trays, preferably in 2-3 rows. To protect the bulbs from the disease is used sulfur powder.In addition, measures must be taken to protect against mice and other rodents.
Let's sum up
Proper storage is the key to lush flowering next year. That is why it is necessary to carefully observe the conditions of aging and storage of the bulbs. This is especially true of those flower growers who buy Dutch varietal copies. No matter how you take care of your flowers during the period of active growth, everything can be spoiled by too early bulb digging, warm or wet winter storage.