US coat of arms: description, meaning, history
In such a large and powerful state as the United States, with its amazing history, concealing many secrets, state symbols should be no less interesting. A lot of mysterious facts are fraught with the coat of arms of the United States.
The coat of arms of the United States has features that are not well known to many: for example, it has two sides, like a coin. But more on that below.
Great Seal of the United States
The main emblem of the United States is called the Great Seal of the USA. This indicates the original direction of the coat of arms - confirmation of the authenticity of securities and documents that are issued by the government. The role of the keeper of the Great Seal is officially assigned to the United States Secretary of State. Those who want to see it with their own eyes can fly to Washington and visit the State Department exhibition hall.
Description of the coat of arms of the United States to start with its front. The shield holds a bald eagle. He holds the shield himself, which means that Americans should rely on their own strength.Those who are interested in the nature of North America will not even have a question about which eagle is on the US coat of arms. They are well aware that this bird of prey, by the way, being the crown of the food chain of the region, is found only in these regions. She undoubtedly deservedly became a symbol of the States. In the culture of many native North American inhabitants, the bald eagle is considered sacred.
The heraldic shield with which the bird’s chest is closed has an azure head, the field is thirteen times cut into silver and chervlen. This is reminiscent of the flag of the United States, but on the print of 7 white stripes and 6 red, and the flag is the opposite. In some embodiments, the heads depict 13 stars, forming a six-pointed star. In the left paw, an eagle holds 13 arrows - a symbol of readiness for war, and in the right pillar an olive branch with thirteen leaves and berries - a symbol of peace. The head of an eagle is looking to the right side, where the olive branch is located, hinting that the US is more inclined towards peace, but is ready for war.
In the beak of an eagle, there is a silver ribbon with the motto “Out of many is one”, which indicates the creation of a country from the united states.
At the top of the coat of arms of the United States is a cloud, inside of which in a gold halo on a blue background, 13 stars are arranged in the shape of a regular hexagon.
On the other side of the coat of arms of the United States placed a truncated pyramid with 13 tiers. Crowns a triangle pyramid in a golden glow with an open eye in the center. On the first tier of the pyramid are roman letters, which constitute the date of the declaration of independence - 1776. Over the pyramid there is an inscription: "He approved our undertakings." Under the pyramid is a scroll, which is marked with the motto, which says “New order of centuries”. By the way, the reverse of the Seal was never made, it exists only on paper. You can see it on the one-dollar bill.
The mystery of the number 13
Fans of all sorts of conspiracy theories always pay attention to the frequent repetition of the number 13 in the US coat of arms. Some sources accuse the creators of state symbols of occultism. Others - the value of the coat of arms of the USA is attributed to the symbolism of the masonic lodges. The most obvious core on which such theories hold is the image of a pyramid with an eye in a triangle. It is considered an element of the symbolism of the Illuminati.
Officially, all elements with parts of thirteen only indicate the number of the first states united in the United States.
Recall all the elements of the Great Seal of the United States, where it occurs 13.There are so many arrows in the paw of an eagle, leaves and berries in an olive branch, stars in a cloud over an eagle's head, levels of a pyramid, stripes on a shield. The letters in all the inscriptions are also number 13.
History of the USA coat of arms
On the day of the signing of the Declaration of Independence, the United States Congress decided to develop a state seal, which assumed the presence of a coat of arms, which the new state did not have. The three-member committee, which was composed of Adams, Franklin, and Jefferson, took up the issue.
Franklin offered an option with biblical imagery. In his vision, it was necessary to portray Moses with the Israelis, who had just crossed the waters of the Red Sea, in the wake of which Pharaoh looks. A ray of light was to fall on Moses. What symbolizes the departure from the imperial tyranny of the new state under the approval of the Lord.
Jefferson proposed to portray the children of Israel, led by a cloud in the desert, and on the reverse side of the Saxon leaders, whose political doctrine they used.
Adams proposed to portray Hercules with a club. But the congress needed to provide the only option. It is noteworthy that none of the committee members could draw a passable one.An additional decision on the creation of a coat of arms was the involvement of another member with drawing skills and competent knowledge of heraldry. As a result, a shield with the emblems of six European cultures was depicted on the obverse, and on the reverse there was a version of Franklin with Moses. Four years later, the option was rejected.
After that, three more committees were convened, and as a result, the option, selected and revised by Charles Thompson himself, was approved on June 13, 1782.