Vaginal Candidiasis: Causes, Symptoms and Methods of Treatment
Vaginal candidiasis (better known ascalled "thrush") - a fairly common disease, which at least once in life, almost every woman encounters. Such a disease brings to life a lot of inconvenience and in the absence of treatment is fraught with not too pleasant consequences. Thrush gives in to treatment - you just need to seek help from a doctor.
Vaginal candidiasis: the main causes
The causative agent are the fungal organism of the genusCandida, which, in fact, is the name of the disease. As for the causes of this disease, this issue is still open. It is proved that such an infection can be transmitted sexually, but more often there is an endogenous development mechanism.
The microflora of the vagina contains somenumber of pathogenic fungal organisms. But under the normal state of the body, they can not do any harm - such microorganisms are called conditionally pathogenic. With any violations, including a decrease in immune protection, diseases of the reproductive system, the infection is activated - this is how vaginal candidiasis develops in most cases.
There are several factors that increase the risk of thrush development:
- Vaginal candidiasis often occurs afterreception of antibiotics, since such drugs kill not only pathogenic bacteria, but also organisms that make up a useful microflora. But on the fungus, they have almost no effect;
- the disease can begin with too frequent douching, since the beneficial microflora is simply washed away;
- as already mentioned, thrush appears against a background of a number of diseases, including inflammation, diabetes, digestive and genitourinary problems, as well as autoimmune diseases, HIV infection;
- sometimes the disease is the result of taking hormonal drugs, including contraceptives;
- to the risk factors can also be attributed to hypothermia, the constant wearing of tight underwear made of synthetic materials.
In addition, vaginal candidiasis is quitea common problem in pregnancy. After all during this period some physiological characteristics of a female organism change, and also work of immune system is oppressed.
Vaginal candidiasis: symptoms of the disease
In fact, the signs of illness are prettyCharacteristic - they are difficult to confuse with something else. The acute form of the disease is accompanied by abundant cheesy discharge with a characteristic acidic odor. In addition, women complain of the itching of the external genitalia, which only intensifies after urination and sexual intercourse. The disease often causes reddening and swelling of the vulva and vaginal mucosa.
As for chronic candidiasis, thenThe signs here are not so pronounced. Discharge from the vagina is liquid and does not have an odor. Itching also appears rarely, mostly after intercourse. This form of the disease is accompanied by periods of exacerbation, which are characterized by all the signs of acute thrush.
In any case, patients need medical care, especially during pregnancy.
Vaginal candidiasis: treatment
For the beginning the doctor is obliged to spend gynecologicalexamine and take a swab from the vagina for analysis. After receiving the results, an individual treatment regimen is selected, which will be as effective as possible. For the purpose of treatment, antifungal agents are used, which slow down or completely stop the reproduction of pathogenic fungi. In some cases it is recommended to additionally use special vaginal suppositories and topical ointments that eliminate itching and discomfort.
In addition, with thrush recommendedadhere to a healthy lifestyle - give up bad habits, eat as many fresh fruits and vegetables as possible. Sometimes for complete cure it is required to stop taking hormonal or antibacterial drugs. Sexual contacts are not desirable, but are possible only with the use of a condom.