Warming compresses: staging technique
At the first signs of a cold or aching muscle pains, our grandmothers immediately applied warming compresses. Persistent recommendations on the use of "compressotherapy" can be heard from the older generation today, despite the rapid development of medical drugs. Are such methods effective and how to apply them correctly? Let's try to figure it out.
What is called compress?
The generic name "compress" is usually used to refer to a physiotherapeutic warming procedure performed at home. Run it yourself is not difficult. Setting a warming compress is carried out according to a standard algorithm, and as a component that creates heat, various drugs and substances can be used. Most often these include:
The essence of the procedure is that the substance is applied to a soft tissue and applied to the place that needs treatment.Next, it is necessary to ensure maximum heat and fixation of the warming compress for 2-4 hours.
Under the influence of heat, blood circulation and blood circulation are improved, and toxins are accelerated. It is also under the action of a compress that therapeutic substances penetrate the body best if they are used in an ointment procedure or other special preparations.
When is the procedure needed?
For the imposition of a warming compress, there are a number of indications. It is in certain diseases that such a physiotherapeutic procedure will produce the maximum therapeutic effect. Among them are:
- throat diseases;
- inflammatory conditions of the upper respiratory tract: tracheitis, laryngitis;
- painful conditions of the joints;
- muscle pain.
A very important factor in preparing for the use of a heating compress is to consult with your doctor! Contrary to the opinion that such a procedure is completely harmless, inappropriate or incorrectly carried out heating can lead to active development of the inflammatory process. Thoughtless use of compresses not only does not bring the desired therapeutic effect, but can also significantly harm.Be sensible about your health and consult a doctor before the procedure.
We put the compress right: what is needed for the procedure
The use of a compress impresses with its simplicity, affordability and a completely small price. Given the recommendations of the doctor, first of all you need to prepare the main component of the compress - a warming substance. It may be just warm water, a specialized drug, but most often at home they use alcohol or vodka.
Note that, depending on the age of the patient and the various characteristics of his body, it is necessary to use the alcohol component of different concentrations. Using alcohol 96%, it should be diluted with water at room temperature in a ratio of 1: 3. Vodka also needs to be diluted, but in equal proportions - 1: 1.
Carrying out the procedure for the treatment of children or people who do not tolerate ethanol derivatives, it is necessary to reduce the concentration of alcohol by half.
In order to start therapy with a warming compress, you also need to prepare a soft, clean cloth. Ideal gauze, folded in several layers, or a cotton napkin.You will also need a material that does not allow the warming substance to evaporate and provides heat accumulation in the place of the compress. Usually used polyethylene, film, tracing paper or plastic bag.
In addition, you should take care of the means of fixation of the compress - it can be a bandage, cut gauze or a clean diaper.
Technique of setting a heating compress
So, to resort to simple physiotherapy, you need to carry out the following steps:
- Prepare the patient. Compress is placed on clean, dry skin without damage. Make sure that the place is chosen correctly, there are no medical contraindications for the procedure, and the patient does not have a fever.
- Moisten a soft cloth or gauze in a warming fluid (medication or alcohol solution), slightly squeeze and apply to the place that needs treatment.
- Cover a damp cloth with an airtight layer - polyethylene or film.
- You can use an additional layer: to do this, you need to place cotton or wool fabric over the film. This will create the maximum warming effect.
- Fix with a bandage. It should not be too tight, while the compress should not move.
The standard duration of the warming compress is about 2–2.5 hours.In rare cases, it is recommended to leave it overnight, this is usually done in a situation with joint pain.
Choosing a place: the subtleties and nuances of the production
It would seem, everything is clear: where it hurts, there must be applied a compress. But not everything is so simple, because an incorrectly chosen place can lead to a deterioration of the condition and provoke the development of other painful manifestations. What you need to know about compresses at different places?
When pains in the throat, as well as laryngitis and pharyngitis, a warming compress is placed on the throat, not capturing the chest. It is convenient to fix the compress itself with the help of a warm scarf.
Tracheitis and bronchitis are treated with a compress on the chest area. It is important to know that a cloth moistened with a warming agent should not capture the heart area.
In case of chronic otitis, it is recommended to apply a warming compress on the ear. To do this, you must first prepare the fabric, making it a hole for the auricle. Compress while covering the area around it, and its main part is located behind the ear.
Are there any contraindications?
Despite the seeming harmlessness, the warming compress should be used with caution.This is especially true for the treatment of children and the elderly, as well as those suffering from chronic diseases, allergies.
A contraindication to such a procedure is an increased (even slightly) temperature in the patient. A warming compress can provoke an injection of temperature and not only does not help, but also causes complications of the disease.
The tendency to allergic reactions should be alerted when using traditional medicine - herbs, oils, ointments, etc. It is important to know whether the patient tolerates ethanol normally, when using an alcohol compress.
Cardiovascular diseases are also a contraindication to the use of warming physiotherapy. Also, do not resort to compresses during the exacerbation of any chronic diseases.
Treat carefully and carefully your health, do not be lazy in time to consult with your doctor!