What are the sciences?
All of us, getting to school, then to the university, do not think about the fact that an ordinary person is given only a small part of the basics of different sciences. In fact, there are many of these sciences. To figure out what kind of science there is, you must first find out how they are classified and into which groups they are divided.
Types of science
We will try to present you the most common map of sciences. All existing knowledge systems on a particular topic are divided into only three groups. It:
- Formal science
Each group contains a huge reservoir of subsections, which, in turn, stratified into even narrower specializations. We will call only the basic ones, since it will be rather laborious to list which sciences exist.
Natural sciences include: physics, geography, chemistry, biology, and everything that can somehow influence a person. Their paradox is that it is almost impossible to find in this group of sciences at least one that would accurately and fully characterize the whole series.For example, geography and even overlap with economics and sociology. Recall that geography includes sections on the economic prosperity of states, its connection with the availability of useful resources and minerals.
What sciences study man? From the natural sciences it is biology, more precisely, its subsection. Most of the sciences of man fall into the next group - the humanities.
In general, the common core of the natural sciences is the description of real, existing phenomena, fragments or elements of reality, but by no means the evaluation of them.
This is also a wide layer of sciences. These include social and typical humanities.
Social sciences include economics, sociology, political science, and others. These sciences describe actions, events, and they evaluate them. However, they do not have a clear black and white picture of perception. Their assessment is rather comparative rather than absolute.
And what sciences are humanitarian? This is history, psychology, linguistics. The whole range of sciences is full of absolute, but dynamically developing categories. For example, they clearly indicate time parameters (what was, what is or what will be), and seek to give an absolute assessment of the studied facts and categories.
There is the humanities division, which is quite a bit, but it stands apart. These are sciences that form perception and give an assessment. These include art history, ethics and the like.
Here everything is clear. The formal sciences include logic, mathematics, statistics, computer science. This category of sciences has clear terms, the only accepted standards and concepts.
These categories of sciences are understandable, but not all researchers agree with this classification. For example, it is possible to subdivide all this volume of knowledge according to criteria that evaluate the closeness of science to man. What sciences study society, and what abstract things? Here there are various options, good, there is where to roam, given the fact that the sciences that people study more than 20 thousand.