What is a biotope in ecology?

Today, environmental education is gaininggreater importance. In the ecocidal environment of the planet by man, everyone should have at least a general idea of ​​some environmental concepts. In the literature and periodicals about nature, the notion of a biotope is often encountered. What is a biotope? How is it different from biocenosis? Let's try to clarify all this in this article.biotope what is

What is a biotope and a biocenosis?

Biotope (from the Greek words βίος - life and τόπος- place) is a part of the geospace homogeneous by features, on which a certain set of living organisms (biocenosis) resides. Thus, this is a site with certain abiotic (not living) characteristics, limited by the totality of all living things on it.

Components

The meaning of the term biotope implies certain characteristics that are composed of some components, namely:

  • The climatic factor is climatop.
  • Soil components are edafotop.
  • The geological factors are lithotope.
  • The factors of the aquatic environment are the hydrotop.

What is a biotope is understandable if we say that this isnot a living part of the biogeocenosis, which is composed of a biotope and a biocenosis. All factors are in constant interaction with living organisms of the biocenosis and exert mutual influence on each other.

Enlargement of biotopes

The combination of several biotopes is called biochores, which in turn can be collected into vital areas (biocycles). Examples are land and water spaces, as parts of the planet's biosphere.biotope plot

The border of the biotope

What is the boundary of the biotope? This is easy to explain with an example. Birch Grove (the first biotope), a site that has clear borders with the meadow (the second). It is customary to establish boundaries according to the species composition of plants (phytocenosis), since it is plants that usually have a clearly expressed specificity inherent in this particular area.

Mutual relations within the biotope

All living and nonliving in the biogeocoenosis closely intertwines with each other by a multitude of diverse connections. Inside the biocenosis they can be:

  • Trophic- Some organisms or elements of animate and inanimate nature serve as food for others (frog - stork, bacteria - foliage).
  • The topical- one organism influences the other or uses it in its vital activity (trees - nests of birds).
  • Forecourt- one organism facilitates the spreading or spreading of another (seeds of mountain ash - birds).
  • Fabric- use as a building material by one organism of another part (beavers - a dam of trees).

These links can be explicit (direct) or indirect, stable, and also periodic. Have the property of interrupting and recovering. But they are always there.meaning of the term biotope

Development of ecological culture of the population isa worldwide trend. Understanding the fragility of the world around us and understanding its place in it is an important part of the sustainable development of our civilization. Each of us can not stop the production of cars with an internal combustion engine, but anyone can take away the garbage after a picnic in nature, do not kill an innocuous snake and bring home a hedge, dooming it to death. A small contribution of each, and nature will please our descendants with the dew on the grass and a colorful rainbow after the rain.

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