What is chlamydia?

Chlamydia annually affects millions of people around the world. Today it is the most common sexually transmitted disease. Chlamydia causes it - special microorganisms. You and I will try to figure out what chlamydia and chlamydia are, and what are the causes and symptoms of this disease.


Chlamydia is a special microorganism that affects the mucous membranes of organs. The urogenital organs are most affected by chlamydia. However, these bacteria can also affect the mucous membrane of the eyes, causing conjunctivitis, as well as the lungs, causing pneumonia. It happens that chlamydia live in cells for a long time without showing their presence. This usually happens when chlamydia affects tissue located beneath the mucous membrane.

Chlamydia is distinguished from other microorganisms not only by its relatively small size, but also by its unique life cycle. The peculiarity of the cycle is manifested in the fact that it has inherent features of the development of both bacteria and viruses.On this basis, these microorganisms scientists attributed to a special (transitional) type of bacteria.

The uniqueness of the development cycle of chlamydia explains the difficulty of curing chlamydia - the disease they cause. You can read more about this in the article How to treat chlamydia. We will tell about the main manifestations of this infection.


Chlamydia is an infectious disease. As a result of this infection, cells of the mucous membranes of the rectum, genital organs (external and internal), eyes and lungs are sensitive to this type of bacteria.

For example, inflammations of the urethra and the prostate gland, the epididymis and testicle itself, the seminal vesicles and the rectum occur in the male body.

What is chlamydia in women? It is also inflammation of the urogenital system:

  • cervix;
  • urethra;
  • the inner lining of the uterus;
  • fallopian tubes.

In adults and in children, chlamydia can manifest itself in the form of conjunctivitis (inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye) and pneumonia (pneumonia). Note that children are infected with chlamydia only in utero (perinatal).In adults, infection occurs most often through sexual contact. However, infection through personal care products (towels, washcloths, etc.) is also possible.

Very often, chlamydia is asymptomatic. That is, infection with chlamydia occurs, but concomitant diseases do not occur. But even in this case, chlamydia is dangerous with complications:

  • infertility;
  • ectopic pregnancy;
  • Reiter's disease;
  • arthritis;
  • chronic lung disease.

Chlamydia can only be diagnosed under laboratory conditions, since there are no identifying symptoms. Disease under the guise of developing on the background of inflammation. Therefore, in the inflammatory processes of the genitourinary system is often prescribed a study on infection with chlamydia. When the diagnosis is confirmed, not only inflammation is treated, but also infection.

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