Why and how does miscarriage occur?
Not always pregnancy for a woman ends with the birth of a child, sometimes it is interrupted on an early (up to 20 weeks) or later date and is called a miscarriage.
Some of the failed mothers blame the incidenthimself, believing that such a development of events could be avoided. However, statistics say that it is difficult to prevent miscarriage in the early stages, sometimes it is impossible, and some women do not even have time to find out that they have had a conception. Let's try to consider why and how a miscarriage occurs.
What causes a miscarriage?
The reasons for miscarriage in the early term may beseveral. First, these are genetic disorders - thus nature itself gets rid of the damaged material, about 95% of abnormal pregnancies associated with such disorders end with an interruption at the very beginning. Moreover, most chromosomal mutations are not associated with problems of this kind in parents. It is noticed that the probability of miscarriage increases in parents after 35 years.
Another cause of miscarriage is a lack of the hormone progesterone, which is responsible in the female body for the offensive and the retention of pregnancy.
In later terms (after 20 weeks) miscarriage canhappen due to anomalies in the structure of the uterus and cervix or because of fibroids. Provoke fetal loss or premature birth may disrupt the cord and the placenta, as well as stomach injuries, lifting weights and falling pregnant.
Risk factors that lead to miscarriage
Some health problems can affectduring pregnancy and provoke its interruption. These include diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure, polycystic ovary and hypothyroidism in women. Autoimmune diseases are another reason, as a miscarriage occurs against a background of increased antibodies to the embryo tissues.
Studies show that cocaine, tobacco, alcohol and caffeine can influence the course of pregnancy and lead to its premature interruption.
A woman in position should protect herself from infections, as miscarriage or fetal development abnormalities are observed after rubella, measles and chlamydia. A terrible enemy of pregnant women is the influenza virus.
How does miscarriage occur in the early stages?
A large percentage of all pregnanciesdestined to end with the appearance of a baby) ends with an interruption even before the woman learned about her situation, this is what science says. Such cases are called preclinical spontaneous abortions. It manifests itself as a delayed menstruation, i.e. spotting appears on how much days later than the usual time. Sometimes they can be accompanied by blood clots.
How does a miscarriage occur at a later date?
In later terms, a woman can be observedfirst the threat of miscarriage, manifested by increased tone of the uterus and smearing bloody discharge from the genital tract. If steps are not taken to prevent miscarriage, it can happen at any time. A woman may not feel bleeding, but the longer the gestation period, the higher the likelihood of spasms in the abdomen. The condition of the pregnant woman deteriorates rapidly, she needs medical help.
The likelihood of a new miscarriage afterthe single case of termination of pregnancy is small, but more than two such episodes in a row indicate a habitual miscarriage and require a thorough medical examination (which may result in hormonal therapy).
It is necessary to plan the next pregnancy notearlier than 5-6 months after miscarriage. A woman needs not only physical but also moral recovery, especially if the pregnancy has been long awaited and difficult to give.
Before pregnancy, a woman should undergo a medicalExamination, especially if she is over 35 years old. In addition, you should give up alcohol, cigarettes and coffee. Care should be taken to drugs and excessive physical exertion, you should protect yourself from infections and injuries.